Evaluation of Environmental Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes in Sint MaartenNaira Chobanyan*, Allison Kruger K, Stephen Nebb, Golden Jackson, Virginia Asin, Radhika Natarajan, Ronald Testa and Earl Best
American University of the Caribbean School of Medicine, 901 Ponce de Leon Boulevard, Suite 700, Coral Gables, Florida 33134, United States of America
- Corresponding Author:
- Naira Chobanyan
American University of the Caribbean School of Medicine
901 Ponce de Leon Boulevard, Suite 700, Coral Gables, Florida - 33134, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: February 03, 2016; Accepted date: July 20, 2016; Published date: July 22, 2016
Citation: Chobanyan N, Allison Kruger K, Nebb S, Jackson G, Asin V, et al. (2016) Evaluation of Environmental Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes in Sint Maarten. J Environ Anal Toxicol 6:386. doi:10.4172/2161-0525.1000386
Copyright: © 2016 Chobanyan N, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
A number of environmental risk factors have been reported to be associated with elevated blood glucose and diabetes. However, these associations have primarily been explored in Western populations and few studies have examined diabetic risk factors in novel populations such as the Caribbean. We examined whether exercise and food consumption is associated with blood glucose levels in the Caribbean population of Sint Maarten. Using cross-sectional data from Project HELP (Health, Education, Literacy, and Prevention), a collaboration between the American University of the Caribbean School of Medicine and Sint Maarten Ministry of Health, we estimated two logistic regression models predicting elevated blood glucose. The adjusted model included demographic, biological, and social/ behavioral covariates. Unhealthy food consumption was associated with decreased odds of elevated blood glucose in the first model (OR=0.19, p=0.04) but not significant in the adjusted model. All other factors were not significantly associated with blood glucose. It seems that the traditional environmental risk factors – such as exercise and diet – associated with blood glucose in most Western populations are not significant in Sint Maarten. Further research must be conducted to determine appropriate risk factors for this population and possibly other Caribbean populations.