alexa Evaluation of Microorganisms of Drinking Water of Rafha City, Northern Borders, Saudi Arabia | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2157-7099

Journal of Cytology & Histology
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Research Article

Evaluation of Microorganisms of Drinking Water of Rafha City, Northern Borders, Saudi Arabia

Abdel Haleem AA1,2*, Hemida SK1,3 and Abdellatif MM1,4

1Department of Biology, Faculty of Arts & Science, Northern Border University, Rafha, Saudi Arabia

2Biological Department, Faculty of Education, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

3Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Assiut University, Egypt

4Department of Zoology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Nyala University, Sudan

*Corresponding Author:
Abdel Haleem AA
Department of Biology, Faculty of Arts & Science
Northern Border University, Rafha, Saudi Arabia
Tel: 966508379140
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: December 29, 2015; Accepted date: June 15, 2016; Published date: June 20, 2016

Citation: Abdel Haleem AA, Hemida SK, Abdellatif MM (2016) Evaluation of Microorganisms of Drinking Water of Rafha City, Northern Borders, Saudi Arabia. J Cytol Histol 7:417. doi:10.4172/2157-7099.1000417

Copyright: © 2016 Abdel Haleem AA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

The present studies included evaluation of pathogenic parasitic protozoans, bacteria, fungi and algae collected from drinking water of three sources; wells, tap and three re-purifying water-private companies; from Rafha City, Northern Borders, Saudi Arabia, to count and identify these contaminants. The results revealed three species of parasitic protozoans (Giardia lamblia, Cryptosporidium parvum and Cyclospora cayetanensis), Four species of Coliform bacteria (Proteus mirabilis, Escherichia coli, Enterobacter cloacae and E. aerogenes) beside seven bacterial genera (Bacillus, Brevibacillus, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Aeromonas, Acinetobacter and Pseudomonas), five genera of fungi (Aspergillus, Chrysoporium, Alternaria, Acremonium and Exophiala) as well as three genera of algae in tap and the present three re-purifying water-private companies (Anabaena, Microcystis and Oscillatoria). The present results indicated that the three water sources of Rafha city are important contributor to transmission of contaminants to consumers. The present work recommends future field-application of selected specialized antiparasites and anti-bacterial compounds to control, or at least reduce the present resulting contaminators to gain safe levels of drinking water, according to WHO (World Health Organisation -, or at least SASO (Saudi Standards, Metrology and Quality Organization) - levels, to reduce the risk of propagation of the present microorganisms

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