alexa Evaluation of Screening Methods for the Isolation of Bi
ISSN:2157-7463

Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology
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Research Article

Evaluation of Screening Methods for the Isolation of Biosurfactant Producing Marine Bacteria

Rengathavasi Thavasi1*, Shilpy Sharma1 and Singaram Jayalakshmi2
1Department of Chemical and Biological Sciences, Polytechnic Institute of New York University, 6 Metrotech Center, Brooklyn, New York 11201, USA
2CAS in Marine Biology, Annamalai University, Parangipettai 608502, TN, Indi
Corresponding Author : Rengathavasi Thavasi
Department of Chemical and Biological Sciences
Polytechnic Institute of New York University
6 Metrotech Center, Brooklyn
New York 11201, USA
Tel: +1 718-260-3960
Fax: +1 718-260-3075
E-mail: [email protected]
Received October 21, 2011; Accepted November 10, 2011; Published November 12, 2011
Citation: Thavasi R, Sharma S, Jayalakshmi S (2011) Evaluation of Screening Methods for the Isolation of Biosurfactant Producing Marine Bacteria. J Phylogenetics Evol Biol S1:001. doi:10.4172/2157-7463.S1-001
Copyright: © 2011 Thavasi R, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Hemolytic assay, bacterial adhesion to hydrocarbons (BATH) assay, drop collapse assay, oil spreading assay, emulsification assay and surface tension measurement were compared for their reliability and ease of use to screen biosurfactant producing bacteria. 105 bacterial strains were screened for their biosurfactant production. Results from screening methods revealed that hemolytic and BATH assays are not reliable methods to check biosurfactant production because hemolytic assay relies on lysis of blood cells, which can be caused by compounds produced by microbes other than the biosurfactants. In that case hemolytic assay may include strains that do not produce biosurfactant. BATH assay relies on hydrophobicity or adherence of cells with hydrophobic compounds. Results obtained in BATH assay for three bacterial isolates, Branhamella catarrhalis, Citrobacter intermedius and Klebsiella ozaenae were positive, but when the same isolates screened for drop collapse, oil spreading, and surface tension measurement the results were negative. This indicates that these bacterial cells are either acting as biosurfactant themselves (cell surface) or they don’t have the ability to produce biosurfactants. In conclusion, drop collapse and oil spreading assays are reliable methods to screen large number of samples. However, for confirmation surface tension measurement can be used at the end. Another interesting finding in this study was the use of crude oil as hydrophobic substrate for the isolation of biosurfactant producing bacterial strains; this approach may be useful during the initial isolation of biosurfactant producing bacteria to reduce the number of strains to be screened.

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