alexa Evaluation of Some Botanicals and Entomopathogenic Fungi for the Control of Onion Thrips (Thrips tabaci L.) in West Showa, Ethiopia | OMICS International
ISSN: 2157-7471

Journal of Plant Pathology & Microbiology
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Research Article

Evaluation of Some Botanicals and Entomopathogenic Fungi for the Control of Onion Thrips (Thrips tabaci L.) in West Showa, Ethiopia

Tadele Shiberu, Mulugeta Negeri and Thangavel Selvaraj*

Department of Plant Sciences and Horticulture, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences, Ambo University, Ambo, P.O. Box 19, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author:
Thangavel Selvaraj
Professor of Pathology and Microbiology
Department of Plant Sciences and Horticulture
College of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences
Ambo University, Ambo, P.O. Box 19, Ethiopia
Tel: +251-913073294
Fax: +251-112362037
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: December 12, 2012; Accepted date: January 21, 2013; Published date: January 26, 2013

Citation: Shiberu T, Negeri M, Selvaraj T (2013) Evaluation of Some Botanicals and Entomopathogenic Fungi for the Control of Onion Thrips (Thrips tabaci L.) in West Showa, Ethiopia. J Plant Pathol Microb 4:161. doi:10.4172/2157-7471.1000161

Copyright: ©2 013 Shiberu T, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Onion thrips (Thrips tabaci L.) is one of the most important serious insect pests of onion (Allium cepa L.)
cultivation in Ethiopia. The present study was conducted to evaluate some botanical extracts viz. Artemisia annua, Azadirachta indica, Bidens pilosa, Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium, Cymbopogon citratus, Nicotiana tabacum, Nicotiana spp.,(local var.,), Parthenium hysterophorous, Phytolacca dodecandra, Securidaca longepedunculata and two indigenous isolates of entomopathogenic fungi (EPF) viz. Beauveria bassiana (PPRC-56) and Metarhizium anisopliae (PPRC-6) and soap detergent powder. They were examined for controlling onion thrips (Thrips tabaci L.) under field condition in Guder, Toke Kutaye district of Ethiopia from mid October 2010 to early April 2011. Diazinon 60% E.C was applied at the recommended rate of 1.8 l/h and the plot left was examined as controls. After 1st day application of the different agents, EPF and untreated control were not significantly different. However, the results on
3rd, 5th, and 7th day after application of EPF treatments indicated that highly significant mortality. The rate of mortality in all of the treatments after 1st day ranged from 0 to 74.75%. On the other hand, botanical extracts recorded at 3rd day of application ranged from 26.09 to 74.75% within 3days of the higher mortality was recorded. On 5th and 7th day, except B. bassiana (PPRC-56), the mortality rate in all treatments became declined. The results indicated that insecticidal actions of all the tested agents exhibited to the ranging from 26.09 to 74.75% against onion thrips. Of the different agents, Nicotiana spp., P. dodecandra, S. longepedunculata and N. tabacum exhibited high mortality rate (69.65, 68.99, 63.85 and 63.56%, respectively), whereas in C. cinerariaefolium, A. indica and P. hysterophorous
showed intermediate mortality rate (60.79, 56.89 and 52.06 respectively) and the rest were the lowest mortality rate. High bulb yield reduction was recorded in untreated plots but low yield reduction was observed in treated plots and control check. The treatments also showed reducing onion thrips population and also gave significant control over the treated check. This study indicated that Nicotiana spp., P. dodecandra, S. longepedunculata, N. tabacum and B. bassiana were significantly very effective against onion thrips under field condition at recommended rate and then confirmed the valuable rate of botanicals and EPF as components of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) practices in Ethiopia.

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