alexa Evaluation of the Essential Oil Content of Cretan Dittany Cultivated in Northern Greece
ISSN: 2167-0412

Medicinal & Aromatic Plants
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Research Article

Evaluation of the Essential Oil Content of Cretan Dittany Cultivated in Northern Greece

Catherine Argyropoulou1, Marilena Papadatou1, Catherine Grigoriadou2, Eleni Maloupa2 and Helen Skaltsa1*
1Department of Pharmacognosy and Chemistry of Natural Products, School of Pharmacy, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Zografou, 157 71, Athens, Greece
2Laboratory of Conservation and Evaluation of the Native and Floricultural Species-Balkan Botanic Garden of Kroussia, National Agricultural Research Foundation, P.O. Box 60125, GR-570 01, Thermi, Thessaloniki, Greece
Corresponding Author : Helen Skaltsa
Department of Pharmacognosy and Chemistry of Natural Products
School of Pharmacy, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis
Zografou, 157 71, Athens, Greece
Tel/Fax: +30 210 7274593
E-mail: [email protected]
Received March 12, 2014; Accepted March 28, 2014; Published April 02, 2014
Citation: Argyropoulou C, Papadatou M, Grigoriadou C, Maloupa E, Skaltsa H (2014) Evaluation of the Essential Oil Content of Cretan Dittany Cultivated in Northern Greece. Med Aromat Plants 3:157. doi:10.4172/2167-0412.1000157
Copyright: © 2014 Argyropoulou C, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Origanum dictamnus was cultivated at the Laboratory of Conservation and Evaluation of the Native and Floricultural Species (North Greece), far away from the island of Crete (South Greece) where it is growing wild. After one year of cultivation dittany barks/leaves and flowers were analyzed on the basis of their essential oils (yield and quality) for two subsequent years. The essential oils from different parts of the plants were obtained by hydrodistillation in a modified Clevenger-type apparatus, and their chemical analyses were performed by GC and GC-MS. The essential oil yield (1.05-3.14%) and content did not show a negative response to cultivation. Carvacrol was shown to be the main constituent in all samples (45.3-75.1%), with its percentages increasing at the second year of cultivation.

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