Evaluation of the Habitat of the White Tail Deer (Odocoileus Virginianus) in the Protected Natural Area, State Park Flor Del Bosque", Puebla, Mexico
The conditions of the white tail deer’s habitat (Odocoileus virginianus) were evaluated in the Protected Natural Area (PNA), State Park Lázaro Cárdenas del Rio General "Flor del Bosque” (SPFB), by means of the methodology of Transectto Steps along Direct and Indirect Points, in transect of 500 meters of length for type of vegetation. The types of predominant vegetation in the SPFB are oak forest, mixed forest and scrub-grassland. The oak forest presents the major extension with 59 % in the PNA followed of the scrub-grassland and the mixed forest, 30 % and 11 % respectively. The oak forest presented the best conditions of habitat that other vegetative types, it presents the major percentage of basal coverage in both epochs of the year, low water and rains respectively (52.03 % and 53.06 %). In addition it presents the minor percentage of bare soil in the epoch of rain with 5.07 %, and percentages of organic humus of 39.43 % and 41.87 % in epochs of low water and rains respectively. It is recommended a vegetable gradual alteration of damaged or eroded areas in the mixed forest of the SPFB, across the implantation of native species to assure the conservation of the habitat of the cervid.