Evaluation of the Inflammatory Reaction in Calves with Acute Ruminal Drinking
- *Corresponding Author:
- Maged El-Ashker
Department of Internal Medicine and Infectious Diseases
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Mansoura University
Mansoura 35516, Egypt
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: May 16, 2012; Accepted date: July 10, 2012; Published date: July 13, 2012
Citation: El-Ashker M, El-Sebaei, Salama M (2012) Evaluation of the Inflammatory Reaction in Calves with Acute Ruminal Drinking. J Vet Sci Technol 3:116 doi:10.4172/2157-7579.1000116
Copyright: © 2012 El-Ashker M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The present study was carried out to evaluate the inflammatory response during acute ruminal drinking in milkfed calves and to describe the correlation between production of acute phase cytokines and the occurrence of depression in this clinical condition. For this purpose, twenty calves with acute ruminal drinking as well as ten clinically normal calves were included in the study. Blood and ruminal fluid samples were collected from all examined calves. The blood samples were used to obtain a blood gas profile and for estimation of selected acute phase proteins and pro-inflammatory cytokines. A depression score was adopted to emphasize the relationship between the severity of the clinical signs and levels of acute phase cytokines. It was found that interleukin-1beta; interleukin-6, interferon gamma, c reactive protein, haptoglobin, and fibrinogen were significantly higher in diseased calves compared to the control group. There was also a positive correlation between the depression score and the examined acute phase cytokines. Our findings suggest that the acidity of the rumen Leads to inflammation of papillae with subsequent distinct inflammatory reaction. It seems that the pro-inflammatory cytokines play a role in the pathogenesis of acute ruminal drinking in milk-fed calves.