alexa Evaluation of the Maximal Respiratory Pressure in Children and Adolescents with Asthma between 7 and 14 Years Old
ISSN: 2161-105X

Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine
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Research Article

Evaluation of the Maximal Respiratory Pressure in Children and Adolescents with Asthma between 7 and 14 Years Old

Patrícia Helena Medeiros Cézar de Oliveira Rodrigues1, Maria de Fátima Bazhuni Pombo March2, Regina Kátia Cerqueira Ribeiro3, Clemax Couto Sant’ Anna2*

1Fluminense Federal University, Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

2School of Medicine of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and Fluminense Federal University, Niterói, RJ, Brazil

3Sports Education, Fluminense Federal University, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

*Corresponding Author:
Clemax Couto Sant´Anna
Cinco de Julho 218 ap. 901-Copacabana-22015-030
Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Fax: 552125904891
Tel: 55 21 2235 3634
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: May 03, 2017; Accepted date: May 08, 2017; Published date: May 12, 2017

Citation: de Oliveira Rodrigues PHMC, de Fátima Bazhuni Pombo March M, Cerqueira Ribeiro RK, Sant’ Anna CC (2017) Evaluation of the Maximal Respiratory Pressure in Children and Adolescents with Asthma between 7 and 14 Years Old. J Pulm Respir Med 7:404. doi: 10.4172/2161-105X.1000404

Copyright: © 2017 de Oliveira Rodrigues PHMC, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the respiratory muscle strength among children (<10 years old) and adolescents with asthma.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional, retrospective study, among children and adolescents (7 years to 14 years of age) with asthma. Maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) and maximal expiratory pressure (MEP) [in cmH2O] were measured through digital manometer. The variables evaluated were: gender, age, BMI (body mass index), severity of asthma, use of inhaled corticosteroid (IC).

Results: A total of 48 individuals were studied. MIP values were according: a) normal weight=69.5 ± 22.6; overweight=81.6 ± 25.4 (p<0.088); b) use of inhaled corticosteroid=70.5 ± 23.0; no use=25.1 ± 86.3 (p<0.045). MEP values according: a) ages 7-9 years=78.8 ± 19.4; 10-14 years=68.1 ± 22.7 (p<0.097); b) normal weight=66.1 ± 18.9; overweight=80.3 ± 23.3 (p<0.024); c) use of inhaled corticosteroid=68.3 ± 18.3; no use=83.1 ± 27.5 (p<0.036); d) with bronchiectasis=61.8 ± 19.2; without bronchiectasis=83.1 ± 27.5 (p<0.069).

Conclusions: Patients who used inhaled corticosteroid had MIP and MEP lower than the others; patients with normal BMI tended to have lower MEP than the overweight group and lower MIP in the group of normal weight. There was a tendency of adolescents to present lower MEP than children.

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