Evaluation of the Maximal Respiratory Pressure in Children and Adolescents with Asthma between 7 and 14 Years Old
- *Corresponding Author:
- Clemax Couto Sant´Anna
Cinco de Julho 218 ap. 901-Copacabana-22015-030
Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Tel: 55 21 2235 3634
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: May 03, 2017; Accepted date: May 08, 2017; Published date: May 12, 2017
Citation: de Oliveira Rodrigues PHMC, de Fátima Bazhuni Pombo March M, Cerqueira Ribeiro RK, Sant’ Anna CC (2017) Evaluation of the Maximal Respiratory Pressure in Children and Adolescents with Asthma between 7 and 14 Years Old. J Pulm Respir Med 7:404. doi: 10.4172/2161-105X.1000404
Copyright: © 2017 de Oliveira Rodrigues PHMC, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Objectives: To evaluate the respiratory muscle strength among children (<10 years old) and adolescents with asthma.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional, retrospective study, among children and adolescents (7 years to 14 years of age) with asthma. Maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) and maximal expiratory pressure (MEP) [in cmH2O] were measured through digital manometer. The variables evaluated were: gender, age, BMI (body mass index), severity of asthma, use of inhaled corticosteroid (IC).
Results: A total of 48 individuals were studied. MIP values were according: a) normal weight=69.5 ± 22.6; overweight=81.6 ± 25.4 (p<0.088); b) use of inhaled corticosteroid=70.5 ± 23.0; no use=25.1 ± 86.3 (p<0.045). MEP values according: a) ages 7-9 years=78.8 ± 19.4; 10-14 years=68.1 ± 22.7 (p<0.097); b) normal weight=66.1 ± 18.9; overweight=80.3 ± 23.3 (p<0.024); c) use of inhaled corticosteroid=68.3 ± 18.3; no use=83.1 ± 27.5 (p<0.036); d) with bronchiectasis=61.8 ± 19.2; without bronchiectasis=83.1 ± 27.5 (p<0.069).
Conclusions: Patients who used inhaled corticosteroid had MIP and MEP lower than the others; patients with normal BMI tended to have lower MEP than the overweight group and lower MIP in the group of normal weight. There was a tendency of adolescents to present lower MEP than children.