Evolution of Neurology in the German-Speaking CountriesHansruedi Isler*
Hochhaus zur Schanze, Talstrasse 65, CH-8001, Zurich, Switzerland
- *Corresponding Author:
- Hansruedi Isler, MD
Hochhaus zur Schanze
Talstrasse 65, CH-8001, Zurich
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: April 26, 2017; Accepted date: April 28, 2017; Published date: April 30, 2017
Citation: Isler H (2017) Evolution of Neurology in the German-Speaking Countries. Int J Neurorehabilitation 4:264. doi:10.4172/2376-0281.1000264
Copyright: © 2017 Isler H. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
In this region 18th century brain research met with scientist’s prejudice against causal interaction of body and soul. Advances in neurology had to rely on rather mythological ideologies such as Phrenology and Vitalism which revived localizing research from the 17th century origins of neurology. In the early 1800s the last great Vitalist, Johannes Müller, set off an explosion of progress in biology that transformed medicine and neurology into applied biology and replaced Müller’s Vitalism by hardline Mechanism. Later in the 1800s the typical Germanic neuro-psychiatrists developed psychiatry and completed cerebral localization, finally obtaining the divorce of neurology from psychiatry.