alexa Evolving Role of Telemedicine in Health Care Delivery in India
ISSN: 2167-1079

Primary Healthcare: Open Access
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Review Article

Evolving Role of Telemedicine in Health Care Delivery in India

Pankaj Mathur1, Shweta Srivastava2, Arati Lalchandani3 and Jawahar L. Mehta4

1Department of Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, USA

2Graduate School, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, USA

3Practicing Cardiologist, Kanpur, India

4Department of Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Central Arkansas Veterans Healthcare System, Little Rock, AR, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Pankaj M
Department of Medicine
University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, USA
Tel: 5014545991
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: January 21, 2017; Accepted date: February 09, 2017; Published date: February 16, 2017

Citation: Mathur P, Srivastava S, Lalchandani A, Mehta JL (2017) Evolving Role of Telemedicine in Health Care Delivery in India. Prim Health Care 7:260. doi:10.4172/2167-1079.1000260

Copyright: © 2017 Mathur P, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Introduction: India is the world’s largest democratic country, and second most populous country in the world. Despite recent successes in the economic front, India still faces many social challenges like poverty, illiteracy, sanitation, gender inequality, and lack of healthcare for all. The healthcare disparity is mainly due to shortage of trained health care professionals and lack of necessary infrastructure in remote areas of the country. Telemedicine as a tool for health care delivery, particularly in the rural areas where 68% of the population lives, has been addressed by the Government of India since the turn of the century using telemedicine. Telemedicine as a method of healthcare delivery has been successfully tested all over the country, and the results have been very promising. Methods: Literature search was done on Medline, Web of science and Google search engines using keywordstelemedicine, India model of health care delivery. Results: We found that telemedicine as a healthcare delivery system has been effectively used in several underserved areas of India, through the initiatives taken by the federal, state governments as well as private sector. Conclusion: Although not a substitute for traditional healthcare system, telemedicine can be used to overcome healthcare disparities in the underserved areas. This approach for healthcare delivery can be replicated around the world, especially in the developing countries

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