Examining the Mental Health Issues Prevalent in Adolescent Type-1 Diabetics: An Evidence-Based Review to Improve HealthKristen Goad*
Graduate Student, Graduate Student, MCPHS University, Longwood Ave, Boston, MA, USA
- *Corresponding Author:
- Kristen Goad
Graduate Student, MCPHS University, Longwood Ave, Boston, MA, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: March 31, 2015; Accepted: August 27, 2015; Published: August 31, 2015
Citation: Goad K (2015) Examining the Mental Health Issues Prevalent in Adolescent Type-1 Diabetics: An Evidence-Based Review to Improve Health. J Diabetes Metab 6:599. doi:10.4172/2161-1122.1000599
Copyright: © 2015 Goad K. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The purpose of this paper is to explore the mental health comorbidities present in adolescent type-1 diabetics and the current process and treatment available for this illness. An integrative review of 10 articles discussing mental health problems present in diabetic patients was performed. Although not every article had the exact preferred population of adolescent type-1 diabetics they did address one or more issues of concern. Many of the studies reviewed found direct links between self-reported depression, anxiety or poor quality of life and increased glycosylated hemoglobin (A1c) values. The CINAHL and Medline databases was use to search articles, articles older than five years were excluded and key phrases used for searching were; type-1 diabetes, adolescents,depression, anxiety and eating disorders. Many of the studies only addressed how to evaluate for mental health disorders; there was not an abundance of follow-up with these studies. There were links found between depression and poor A1c value but only a few studies addressed interventions once a mental health disorder had been identified.