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ISSN: 2161-105X

Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine
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Research Article

Exercise-Based Rehabilitation for People with Lung Cancer

Valérie Coats1,2, François Maltais1,2, Lise Tremblay and Didier Saey1,2*

1Faculté de médecine, Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada

2Centre de recherche, Institut Universitaire de cardiologie et de pneumologie de Québec, Université Laval, Québec, Canada

*Corresponding Author:
Didier Saey
Institut Universitaire de cardiologie et de pneumologie de Québec
2725 Chemin Ste-Foy, Québec (Québec), Canada
Tel: + 1-418-656-8711, Ext 2614
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: March 01, 2014; Accepted date: April 29, 2014; Published date: May 01, 2014

Citation: Coats V, Maltais F, Tremblay L, Saey D (2014) Exercise-Based Rehabilitation for People with Lung Cancer. J Pulm Respir Med 4:183. doi:10.4172/2161-105X.1000183

Copyright: © 2014 Coats V, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Patients living with lung cancer often experience severe physical and psychological symptoms including dyspnea, fatigue, anxiety, decreased exercise tolerance, muscle weakness and compromised health-related quality of life as a direct consequence of the disease or as an indirect consequence of the cancer therapy itself. As both screening and treatment modalities improve, the number of people living with a diagnosis of lung cancer is increasing. Consequently, management of cancer-related symptoms as well as improvement of overall quality of life and functional status become critical issues in lung cancer patients. Thus, during the last decade, a wide range of exercise prescriptions and training modalities has been proposed and an emerging literature has addressed the effects of exercise-based rehabilitation programs along the continuum of the disease. The aim of this review is to address the latest literature regarding the feasibility and effectiveness of exercise-based rehabilitation for patients with lung cancer receiving treatments (perioperative, during chemotherapy/radiation therapy or following them) or for patients with advanced diseases. We also address how the use of new technologies or training modalities such as home-based telerehabilitation or neuromuscular electrical stimulation appears to be a promising approach to improve accessibility and participation in exercisebased rehabilitation programs. Evidence from our review suggests that pre and post-operative exercise-based rehabilitation appear to be safe and effective approaches to use with patients with lung cancer and for those with advanced disease receiving chemotherapy/radiation therapy. Larger randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm the efficacy of exercise interventions in this population.

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