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ISSN: 2167-0277

Journal of Sleep Disorders & Therapy
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Research Article

Exploring a Behavioural Therapy for Insomnia in Shift Workers

Annie Vallières1,2,3*, Monica Roy1,2, Emmanuelle Bastille-Denis1,2, Sonia Claveau1,2 and Tarek Simon1,2
1École de psychologie, Université Laval, Québec, Québec, Canada
2Laboratoire Psycho Socio Culturel du sommeil, Centre de recherche de l'Institut universitaire en santé mentale de Québec, Québec, Québec, Canada
3Centre de recherche du Centre hospitalier universitaire de Québec, Canada
Corresponding Author : Annie Vallières
2325 rue des bibliothèques, École de psychologie
Pavillon Félix-Antoine-Savard, local 1044
Université Laval, Québec-G1V 0A6, Canada
Tel: 1418656-2131(8258)
E-mail: [email protected]
Received April 24, 2015; Accepted May 29, 2015; Published May 31, 2015
Citation: Vallières A, Roy M, Bastille-Denis E, Claveau S, Simon T (2015) Exploring a Behavioural Therapy for Insomnia in Shift Workers. J Sleep Disord Ther 4:202. doi:10.4172/2167-0277.1000202
Copyright: © 2015 Vallières A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

About 30% of Canadian workers are on shift work schedules, and 8% to 32% of them suffer from Shift Work Disorder (SWD). Only a few behavioural treatments exist to treat this population. This study explores the efficacy and feasibility of sleep restriction therapy for insomnia in a group of night shift workers. Six participants (3 women) meeting SWD criteria were recruited. Mean age was 45.7 years old (SD=8.2). A multiple baseline design was used. After baseline, each participant received six to eight weekly treatment sessions. They completed several selfreported questionnaires and a daily sleep diary throughout the study. For each sleep period, sleep variables were calculated from the sleep diary. Two participants had a high treatment response and all others participants had a moderate response. Moreover, all participants presented at least two significant clinical improvements. Five participants presented a decreased in both sleepiness scores. The study suggests that sleep restriction therapy is effective, feasible, and reliable. Sleep restriction therapy for insomnia could improve sleep and diminish sleepiness in shift workers suffering from SWD. The present study opens new possibilities of treatment for shift workers that deserve greater attention in the future.

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