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Exploring the Predictors of Citizen Participation in Substance Abuse Prevention Activities | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2329-6488

Journal of Alcoholism & Drug Dependence
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Research Article

Exploring the Predictors of Citizen Participation in Substance Abuse Prevention Activities

Robert J Reid1*, Bradley Forenza1, David T Lardier2 and Pauline Garcia-Reid1

1Montclair State University, Normal Avenue Montclair, NJ, USA

2University of New Mexico, NM 87131, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Robert J Reid
Department of Family and Child Studies
College of Education and Human Services
Montclair State University
Normal Avenue Montclair
NJ 07043, USA
Tel: 973-655-7862
Fax: 973-655-6795
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: February 23, 2017; Accepted Date: March 22, 2017; Published Date: March 27, 2017

Citation: Reid RJ, Forenza B, Lardier DT, Garcia-Reid P (2017) Exploring the Predictors of Citizen Participation in Substance Abuse Prevention Activities. J Alcohol Drug Depend 5:260. doi: 10.4172/2329-6488.1000260

Copyright: © 2017 Reid RJ, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Few studies have examined the influences of the participatory process in which individuals engage in as they work to improve the quality of lives in their communities. More specifically, our present investigation explored the relationship between various contextual factors that predict citizen participation in substance abuse prevention activities among a random sample of urban residents (n=283) who participated in a community-wide policing initiative in the Southwestern United States. A hypothesized path model was tested that included person (concerns with violence victimization and attributions of drug abuse), situation (perceived responsiveness to drug crime), and environment-related predictors (perceived neighbourhood incivilities and awareness of neighbourhood substance abuse problems) of citizen participation. Findings suggest that individuals who perceived higher levels of neighbourhood incivilities tended to have higher levels of participation in substance abuse prevention activities. Interestingly, however, individuals with greater perceived neighbourhood substance abuse problems also tended to perceive that police were less responsive to drug crime in their neighbourhoods. Program developers and public health practitioners should consider the individuals' perception of the neighbourhood environment on citizen participation and include activities designed to address public perception of police responsiveness to crime.