alexa Exposition Evaluation and Emotions Leading To City Imag
ISSN: 2167-0269

Journal of Tourism & Hospitality
Open Access

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Research Article

Exposition Evaluation and Emotions Leading To City Image and Extra Spending

Huang LY1* and Hsieh YJ2

1Department of Business Administration, National Changhua University of Education, Changhua 500, Taiwan

2Institute of Technology Management, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan

*Corresponding Author:
Huang LY
Department of Business Administration
National Changhua University of Education
Changhua 500, Taiwan
Tel: +886 4 22840547
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: November 16, 2015; Accepted Date: December 22, 2015; Published Date: December 30, 2015

Citation: Huang LY, Hsieh YJ (2015) Exposition Evaluation and Emotions Leading To City Image and Extra Spending. J Tourism Hospit 4:189. doi:10.4172/2167-0269.1000189

Copyright: © 2015 Huang LY, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Abundant research on impulse buying exists both in traditional and virtual retailing environments. The investigation of consistency, however, receives insufficient attention. Targeting a Taiwanese retail store offering both online and offline services, this paper employs the environmental psychology approach and examines how external stimuli, namely, merchandise variety, service quality, atmospherics, and price affect differently consumer’s positive and negative emotions, triggering impulse buying behaviors across retail environments. By classifying stimuli into insignificant, basic, performance, and delighter dimensions based on their effect on emotions, the results reveal that both online and offline consumers perceive price as a delighter. In contrast, merchandise variety and service quality play a trivial role in the online context, whereas they represent a performance item, and a basic item, respectively in the offline context. Atmospherics denote a performance item in online retailing, but indicate a delighter in offline retailing. Atmospherics also have larger impact on negative emotions online than offline. Furthermore, both positive and negative emotions lead to impulse buying in either retail setting. Negative emotions, however, have greater impact on impulse buying online than offline.


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