alexa Extensively Drug-resistant Tuberculosis Strains in Nati
ISSN: 2327-5073

Clinical Microbiology: Open Access
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Review Article

Extensively Drug-resistant Tuberculosis Strains in National Tuberculosis Reference Laboratory Between 2005 And 2010, Turkey

Ismail Ceyhan1*, Hülya Simsek2, Ahmet Arslanturk2, Nurhan Albayrak2, Figen Sezen3 and Gülnur Tarhan4

1 Ataturk Chest Disease and Chest Surgery Training and Research Hospital. Ankara, Turkey

2 National Tuberculosis Reference Laboratory, Public Health Institute of Turkey, Ankara, Turkey

3 Public Health Institute of Turkey, Ankara, Turkey

4 Medical School, Ahi Evran University, Kırşehir, Turkey

*Corresponding Author:
Ismail Ceyhan
Ataturk Chest Disease and Chest Surgery Training and Research Hospital
Chief of Microbiology and Hematology Laboratory
B Blok Ankara, Turkey
Tel: +90[312]567 70 00
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: January 08, 2014; Accepted Date: January 25, 2014; Published Date: February 01, 2014

Citation: Ceyhan I, Simsek H, Arslanturk A, Albayrak N, Sezen F, et al. (2014) Extensively Drug-resistant Tuberculosis Strains in National Tuberculosis Reference Laboratory Between 2005 And 2010, Turkey. Clin Microbial 3:136. doi:10.4172/2327-5073.1000136

Copyright: © 2014 Ceyhan I, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Frequency, rate and trend of extensively drug-resistant [XDR] tuberculosis [TB] in Turkey are not clear and not known very well. In this study, it was aimed to try to determine and to confirm the frequency of XDR-TB strains among Multi-Drug Resistant [MDR] TB cases. A total of 4119 M. tuberculosis strains were analyzed. The strains were collected from 19 TB centers [hospitals or regional TB laboratories] including National TB Reference Laboratory [NTRL]. Two hundred ninety-seven 297 [7.2%] M. tuberculosis strains were detected as MDR-TB. Among all MDRTB cases, 37 [12.5%] were pre-XDR-TB, and 8 [2.7%] were XDR-TB.

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