Eye Injuries in Citizens of South Poland
|Wojciech Rokicki1*, Mariola Dorecka1, Jacek Karpe2, Agnieszka Nawrat3, Anna Pitura3 and Wanda Romaniuk1|
|1Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Silesia, Poland|
|2Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Medical University of Silesia, Poland|
|3Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland|
|Corresponding Author :||Wojciech Rokicki
Department of Ophthalmology
Medical University of Silesia
Ceglana 35, 40-952 Katowice, Poland
Tel: 48 32 358 12 27
E-mail: [email protected]; [email protected]
|Received November 11, 2010; Accepted January 05, 2011; Published January 07, 2011|
|Citation: Rokicki W, Dorecka M, Karpe J, Nawrat A, Pitura A, et al. (2011) Eye Injuries in Citizens of South Poland. J Clinic Experiment Ophthalmol 2:120. doi:10.4172/2155-9570.1000120|
|Copyright: © 2011 Rokicki W, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
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Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical features and treatment results in adult citizens of Silesia with mechanical eye (globe) injuries.
Design: Retrospective cohort study
Participants: 331 patients, 324 eyes
Methods: Data on 331 patients with eye injuries primarily presented and hospitalized between 1995 and 2005 were retrospectively analyzed.
Results: The incidence of mechanical eye globe injuries requiring hospitalization at our department was 4.3 per 100,000 citizens annually. Out of 331 mechanical injuries 174 were closed globe and 157 open globe injuries. The majority of patients were young men in third to fifth decade. Most injuries occurred at work (43.8%) and at home (33.8%). At highest risk of house-related injuries were women (59.52%), and work-related injuries were men (49.13%). The housekeeping was associated with the highest risk of severe eye injury (64.71%). High-velocity and low-velocity metal pieces were the most common traumatic factor (37.16%). Four predictors of duration of hospital stay: poor initial and final visual acuity, posterior segment damages and necessity of the performance of complicated surgical procedures were revealed (to date, first reported).
Conclusion: The main risk factor of serious ocular injuries in young-adults is extensive work and house-related activity. We observed, the remaining factors play important, but supporting role in eye trauma.