alexa Facial Soft Tissue Thickness in Forensic Facial Reconstruction: Is it enough if Norms Set? | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2157-7145

Journal of Forensic Research
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Review Article

Facial Soft Tissue Thickness in Forensic Facial Reconstruction: Is it enough if Norms Set?

Gayathri Ramesh1*, Ramesh Nagarajappa2, Gadiputi Sreedhar3 and Masineni Narayanappa Sumalatha4

1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Rama Dental College Hospital and Research Centre, Rama University, Kanpur, India

2Department of Public Health Dentistry, Institute of Dental Sciences, Kalinga Nagar, Bhubaneswar, India

3Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, BBD Dental College, BBD University, Lucknow, India

4Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diagnosis Radiology, BBD Dental College, BBD University, Lucknow, India

*Corresponding Author:
Dr. Gayathri Ramesh
Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology
Rama Dental College Hospital and Research Centre
Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: July 15, 2015 Accepted Date: August 17, 2015 Published Date: August 24, 2015

Citation: Ramesh G, Nagarajappa R, Sreedhar G, Sumalatha MN (2015) Facial Soft Tissue Thickness in Forensic Facial Reconstruction: Is it enough if Norms Set?. J Forensic Res 6:299. doi:10.4172/2157-7145.1000299

Copyright: © 2015 Ramesh G et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Facial reconstruction relies on the relationships between the facial features, subcutaneous soft tissues and underlying bony structure of the skull. If there is no clue for potential identity because of impossibility to compare questioned remains with possible familiar material, in such cases one of the last chances is to recreate ante mortem appearance by face reconstruction. Many of the soft tissue thickness values are significantly different from those reported for comparable groups, suggesting that individuals from different geographical areas have unique facial features thus requiring population-specific values. This literature review attempts to throw some light on the important aspects that has to be taken into consideration while setting norms of soft tissue thickness among various populations. To name a few are the differences among different skeletal malocclusions, differences in soft tissue thickness and the rate of tissue change among both men and women at different age groups.


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