alexa Factor Structure of the Japanese Version of the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations: Reclassification of Coping Styles and Predictive Power for Depressive Mood
ISSN: 2161-0487

Journal of Psychology & Psychotherapy
Open Access

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Research Article

Factor Structure of the Japanese Version of the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations: Reclassification of Coping Styles and Predictive Power for Depressive Mood

Masatsugu Sakata1, Yukihiro Takagishi2* and Toshinori Kitamura3

1Yoshida Hospital, Seisui-kai Medical Institution, Inc., Japan

2Department of Human Sciences, Kansai University of International Studies, Japan

3Kitamura Institute of Mental Health Tokyo, Japan

Corresponding Author:
Yukihiro Takagishi
Department of Human Sciences
Kansai University of International Studies
1-18 Aoyama, Shijimi, Miki, Hyogo, 673-0521, Japan
Tel: +81-794-85-2288
Fax: +81-794-84-3820
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: January 11, 2013; Accepted date: February 13, 2013; Published date: February 23, 2013

Citation: Sakata M, Takagishi Y, Kitamura T (2013) Factor Structure of the Japanese Version of the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations: Reclassification of Coping Styles and Predictive Power for Depressive Mood. J Psychol Psychother 3:111. doi:10.4172/2161-0487.1000111

Copyright: © 2013 Sakata M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

This study attempted to determine, using a sample of Japanese university students (n=507), the best factor structure for the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS). An exploratory factor analysis conducted on a randomly split half of the sample yielded a five-factor structure. The robustness of this structure were confirmed by a confirmatory factor analysis on the other half of the sample, as compared to three- and four-factor models. The factors Task Solution, Social Diversion, and Distraction were encompassed by the higher-level factor, Actionoriented Coping. The factors Rumination and Aggression were represented by the higher level factor, Emotionoriented Coping. Emotion-oriented Coping significantly predicted depressive mood five weeks later in a prospective study of the same sample, while Action-oriented Coping predicted significantly reduced depressive mood. These results suggest that the five-factor structure of the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations is valid for Japanese young adults and adolescents, and that action-oriented coping is an adaptive coping strategy

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