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ISSN: 2329-9126

Journal of General Practice
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Research Article

Factors Affecting Juvenile Delinquency in Bahrain

Faisal Abdullatif Alnasir1* and Abdulrahman Ali Al-Falaij2
1Department of Family & Community Medicine, College of Medicine & Medical Sciences, Arabian Gulf University, Bahrain
2Department of Psychology, University of Bahrain, Bahrain
Corresponding Author : Faisal Abdullatif Alnasir
Professor and Chairman of Department of Family & Community Medicine
College of Medicine& Medical Sciences, Arabian Gulf University, Bahrain
Tel: +97339464048
Fax: +97317273456
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: January 25, 2016 Accepted: February 03, 2016 Published: February 12, 2016
Citation: Alnasir FA, Al-Falaij AA (2016) Factors Affecting Juvenile Delinquency in Bahrain. J Gen Pract 4:229. doi: 10.4172/2329-9126.1000229
Copyright: © 2016 Alnasir FA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Kingdome of Bahrain is island situated in the middle of the Gulf. The discovery of oil has led to the rapid modernization of the country and its prosperity. Such factors and other affected on the lifestyle of the population and the traditional societal role with the transformation from the large extended families to a nuclear one. One of many consequences of these changes was the increase prevalence of juvenile delinquency. In this study, there was a trial to study this phenomenon and find out the most risk factors that may help in its occurrence. The Parental Acceptance/Rejection Questionnaire, which has been translated into Arabic and was used previously with other Arab populations, was administered to a group of 30 jailed juvenile offenders and compared to a similar cohort and number of high school students with no record of delinquency. The variables, including areas related to the family conditions, were studied comparing the two groups (the delinquent vs. non-delinquent). The results indicate that there are relationships between juvenile delinquency and the parental demographic characteristics. More delinquent subjects had illiterate fathers (47%) (p<0.05) and mothers (67%), (p<0 .001) than the non-delinquent. Fifty percent (n=15) of the non-delinquents reported that their fathers were professional versus 21% of the delinquents (p<0.05). The familial relationships, conflicts, and practices were also related to the presence of delinquency. There was a less favorable interpersonal relationship between delinquents and their parents. With regards to family practices, the delinquents scored higher (1.932) than non-delinquents (1.69), indicating that the parents of delinquents were less involved in the lives of their children. Concerning emotional conflict, it was found that the delinquents scored higher (M=2.18) than non-delinquents (M=1.68); indicating more conflict was happening between their parents. In conclusion, the risks of developing delinquency in juveniles were found to be very much related to the parental interpersonal relationships, their demographic characteristics and the socioeconomic status of the family.

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