alexa Factors Affecting Serum Total Protein and Immunoglobulin G Concentration in Replacement Dairy Calves
ISSN: 2329-888X

Advances in Dairy Research
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Factors Affecting Serum Total Protein and Immunoglobulin G Concentration in Replacement Dairy Calves

Abstract

Measurement of serum Total Protein (TP) or Immunoglobulin G (IgG) is frequently used within the dairy industry to monitor failure of passive transfer (FPT) in calves. Through such monitoring, modifications to colostrum handling and feeding techniques can be incorporated into farm practices to improve calf management. Most studies establishing cutoff values of TP or IgG for determination of FPT have been based on data primarily obtained from Holstein calves. The purpose of this study was to determine factors associated with TP and IgG serum concentration in dairy replacement calves. Factors that were studied included, breed (Holstein and Jersey), weight, age, hydration status (packed cell volume) and rectal temperature. A total of 673 calve 1 to 30 days of age were included in the study; 411 Jersey and 262 Holstein calves. Jersey calves had consistently higher TP and IgG serum concentration than Holstein calves. TP concentration was approx. 0.5 g/dL higher, while IgG concentration was more than double that of Holstein calves. This indicates that the cutoff values established for TP (>5.0 mg/dL) and IgG (>1000.0 mg/ dL) in Holstein calves are not appropriate to be used in Jersey calves, needing more research to establish adequate cutoff values for Jersey calves. Another factor strongly associated with both TP and IgG concentration was calf age. Maximum concentrations were achieved at 2-3 days of age. After that, concentrations decreased by approx. 0.07 g/ dL of TP and 74 mg/dL of IgG per day. Our results indicate that there is a narrow window for optimal evaluation of colostrum management in dairy replacement calves, and that different breed of cattle need their own established reference values.

Keywords

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords