Fahr’s Disease: A Rare Neurological Disease Frequently Misdiagnosed as Acute Psychosis, or Mood Disorder.
|Suneel Kumar1, Khalid Sher1, Saeed Ahmed2, Savita Naik2*, Shahana Ayub3, Fatima B Motiwala2 and Rizwan Ahmed3|
|1Department of Neurology, Jinnah Post Graduate Medical Centre, Karachi, Pakistan|
|2Department of Psychiatry, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA|
|3Agha Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan|
|Corresponding Author :||Savita Naik
Department of Psychiatry, NYU School of Medicine
145 East 32nd street, New York, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received July 19, 2013; Accepted August 24, 2013; Published August 27, 2013|
|Citation: Kumar S, Sher K, Ahmed S, Naik S, Ayub S, et al. (2013) Fahr’s Disease: A Rare Neurological Disease Frequently Misdiagnosed as Acute Psychosis, or Mood Disorder. J Neurol Disord 1:130. doi: 10.4172/2329-6895.1000130|
|Copyright: © 2013 Kumar S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
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Fahr’s disease is a rare, degenerative neurological disorder characterized by idiopathic symmetrical and bilateral intracranial calcification. We present a case of 32 years old man with Fahr’s disease who presented with episodes of inappropriate excessive laughing, generalized tonic clonic seizures associated with loss of consciousness, frothing from mouth, urine incontinence and difficulty in walking due to neurological deficit. MRI of brain demonstrated calcification of bilateral basal ganglia, thalami and left dentate nucleus of left cerebellum. The clinical presentation similar to our patient is frequently misdiagnosed due to identical manifestation to other neurological and psychiatric disorders especially in young to middle aged individuals. Fahr’s disease may often misdiagnosed as a patient of acute psychosis or epileptic seizures.