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Fat Embolism Syndromeandndash;A Rare Case of Bilateral Embolism of the Central Retinal Artery | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2165-7920

Journal of Clinical Case Reports
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Case Report

Fat Embolism Syndrome–A Rare Case of Bilateral Embolism of the Central Retinal Artery

Margarida Fonseca1*, Dina Leal2, Cristina Freitas3, Bruno Gonçalves4, Ricardo Alves1, Maria Joao Silva1, Sandra Guimaraes3,
José Eduardo Oliveira2 and Luís Lencastre2
1 Internal Medicine Department, Hospital de Braga, Portugal
2 Intensive Care Unit, Hospital de Braga, Portugal
3 Ophthalmology Department, Hospital de Braga, Portugal
4 Gastroenterology Department, Hospital de Braga, Portugal
Corresponding Author : Margarida Fonseca
Avenida de Sao Gonçalo
1350-3D to, 4835-105 Guimaraes, Portugal
Tel: +351914620337
E-mail: [email protected]
Received January 10, 2014; Accepted February 24, 2014; Published February 26, 2014
Citation: Fonseca M, Leal D, Freitas C, Gonçalves B, Alves R, et al. (2014) Fat Embolism Syndrome–A Rare Case of Bilateral Embolism of the Central Retinal Artery. J Clin Case Rep 4:341. doi:10.4172/2165-7920.1000341
Copyright: © 2014 Fonseca M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Fat embolismsyndrome is a rare complication following a long bone fracture. It is believed to be caused by the toxic effects of free fatty acids and is clinically characterized by the triad of dyspnea, petechiae and mental confusion. Ocular fat embolism syndrome in the complete absence of any cardiac defects is a rare phenomenon which is not commonly encountered in ophthalmic practice. The authors present a case of fat embolism syndrome with the uncommon finding of bilateral embolism of the central retinal artery after a single femoral fracture without evidence of cardiac defect.


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