alexa Feeding Practices, Food and Nutrition Insecurity of infants and their Mothers in Bangang Rural Community, Cameroon | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2155-9600

Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences
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Research Article

Feeding Practices, Food and Nutrition Insecurity of infants and their Mothers in Bangang Rural Community, Cameroon

Marlyne-Joséphine Mananga1,2, Marie Modestine Kana-Sop1*, Nicolas Policarpe Nolla1, Tetanye-Ekoe3 and Gouado Inocent Gouado1

1 University of Douala, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry, PO Box 24157, Douala, Cameroon

2 University of Yaoundé I, Faculty of Science, Cameroon PO Box 812 Yaoundé, Cameroon

3 University of Yaoundé I, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Cameroon

*Corresponding Author:
Kana Sop Marie Modestine
University of Douala
Faculty of Science
Department of Biochemistry
PO Box 24157, Douala, Cameroon
Tel: +23777741873
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: January 07, 2014; Accepted date: February 25, 2014; Published date: February 27, 2014

Citation: Mananga MJ, Kana-Sop MM, Nolla NP, Tetanye-Ekoe, Gouado I (2014) Feeding Practices Food and Nutrition Insecurity of infants and their Mothers in Bangang Rural Community, Cameroon. J Nutr Food Sci 4:264. doi:10.4172/2155-9600.1000264

Copyright: © 2014 Marlyne-Joséphine M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Background: Many reports indicate the existence of high rate of malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies in Cameroon. Children, pregnant and lactating mothers are the most affected groups. Objective: This study was designed to assess breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices that influence nutritional status of young children and their mothers in Bangang rural community in the West Region of Cameroon. Methods: The study was descriptive and exploratory. A questionnaire previously developed was submitted to the 244 mothers or caregivers with 270 young children aged 0 to 24 months, during nutritional survey in Bangang rural community to understand breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices. Anthropometrics measures were recorded and statistical analyses where done using SPSS version 17. Results: The prevalence of stunting, underweight and wasting of children was 42.22%, 6.67% and 3.33% respectively. BMI classification of mothers was done according to WHO criteria, 3.28% of mothers were underweight, and 29.09% were overweight and 9.84% obese. Low breastfeeding rate 69.58% (P<0.05) was observed. The frequency of exclusive breastfeeding was 60.08%. However, 50.39% had introduced complementary foods before six months. The most frequent complementary foods were cereals, tubers, but minerals and vitamins intake were low. Conclusion: Breastfeeding was still practiced by many of the mothers but exclusive breastfeeding was scarce. Nutritional problems observed were due to poor knowledge on feeding practices and low education and socio economic level of mothers. There is a great need of developing educational program based on locally available foods

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