Special Issue Article
Fermented Shrimp Products as Source of Umami in Southeast Asia
- *Corresponding Author:
- Jinap S
Food Safety Research Centre (FOSREC), Faculty of Food Science and Technology
Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Tel: +603-8946 8393
Fax: +603-8942 3552
Email: [email protected], [email protected]
Received date: May 03, 2012; Accepted date: July 27, 2012; Published date: July 30, 2012
Citation: Hajeb P, Jinap S (2012) Fermented Shrimp Products as Source of Umami in Southeast Asia. J Nutr Food Sci S10:006. doi: 10.4172/2155-9600.S10-006
Copyright: © 2012 Hajeb P, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Fermented shrimp products are widely consumed in Southeast Asian countries. They are mainly categorized into shrimp sauces, shrimp pastes, and lacto-fermented products. Fermented shrimp products of each group in each region are processed with almost the same technologies but the fermentation time and salt contents of the products are somewhat different. These products which are known with different names in each country are usually used as side dishes, condiments or main dishes. The main function of the products is to provide a salty and umami taste to the food. To produce fermented shrimp products, salt is mixed with cleaned fresh or dried shrimp and allowed to be fermented for several months to enable the indigenous enzymes to auto-digest the meat and create products with high amino acids content. The enzymatic fermentation of shrimp mediated by indigenous proteases yields short chain peptides and free amino acids which render the typical flavour and taste of umami. Salt is added to prevent deterioration and food poisoning as well as to produce meaty-savoury flavour. Fermentation process also produces high glutamic content, other amino acids and nucleotides which contribute to the umami taste of the products.