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ISSN: 2376-127X

Journal of Pregnancy and Child Health
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Case Report

Fetomaternal Hemorrhage: A Review after a Case Report

Inês Reis1, Luisa Sousa1, Cátia Rasteiro1, Cátia Rodrigues1, Teresa Teles1 and Humberto Machado2*
1Serviço de Obstetrícia, Centro Hospitalar de Entre Douro e Vouga, Portugal
2Serviço de Anestesiologia, Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Portugal
Corresponding Author : Humberto Machado Serviço de Anestesiologia
Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Portugal
Tel: +351 935848475
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: October 06, 2015; Accepted: October 26, 2015; Published: November 02, 2015
Citation: Reis I, Sousa L, Rasteiro C, Rodrigues C, Teles T, et al. (2015) Fetomaternal Hemorrhage: A Review after a Case Report. J Preg Child Health 2:197. doi:10.4172/2376-127X.1000197
Copyright: © 2015 Reis I, et al.. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Fetomaternal hemorrhage consists in the transmission of fetal blood cells to the mother’s bloodstream. If it is quite common in small volumes – occurring in most pregnancies – large volumes of fetomaternal hemorrhage can have serious consequences. Some risk factors are identified, but they are not always present. Decreased perception of fetal movements is the most important clinical sign, together with a pathological NST. Prompt diagnostic and immediate obstetric cares are fundamental, as serious risks to the fetus might result from this condition. We describe the case report of an eighteen-year-old primipara, 39 weeks pregnant, who referred reduced perception of fetal movements during the previous 6 hours. There was no history of abdominal trauma. Non Stress Test (NST) showed a sinusoidal pattern and an emergent C section was performed. A male infant with 3500 gr was born with an Apgar score of 5/7/7. Fetal hemoglobin at the first hour of life was 4,4g/dl. Kleihauer-Betke test revealed 6,7% of fetal erythrocytes in the maternal bloodstream. Despite being rare, it is important to detect a massive fetomaternal hemorrhage. Fetal anemia could be suspected, but the diagnosis was only made after delivery. This case reveals the importance of keeping a high suspicion in obstetric practice, as fetomaternal hemorrhage is a rare but potentially catastrophic event for a fetus.

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