alexa Financial and Economic Evaluation of Cotton Production
E-ISSN: 2223-5833

Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review
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Research Article

Financial and Economic Evaluation of Cotton Production in New Halfa Agricultural Corporation, Kassala State, Sudan (1981/1982-2009/2010)

Mohamed OA Bushara1* and Yaaqob AM Aziz2

1Department of Agricultural Economics Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Gezira, Wad Madeni, Sudan

2University of Gezira, Wad Madeni, Sudan

*Corresponding Author:
Mohamed OA Bushara
Department of Agricultural Economics
Faculty of Agricultural Sciences
University of Gezira, Wad Madeni
Tel: (+249) 511- 84 16 23
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date January 09, 2016; Accepted Date January 27, 2016; Published Date February 03, 2016

Citation:Bushara MOA, Aziz YAM (2016) Financial and Economic Evaluation of Cotton Production in New Halfa Agricultural Corporation, Kassala State, Sudan (1981/1982-2009/2010). Arabian J Bus Manag Review 6:197. 

Copyright: © 2016 Bushara MOA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



The New Halfa agricultural Production Corporation (NHAPC) is considered as one of the leading agricultural scheme in cotton production, being the second largest in comparison with the Gezira scheme concerning the area. The Government’s agricultural policies were the main factors for the studying and knowing the financial and economic evaluation indicators for the production of cotton in New Halfa Agricultural Production Corporation during the period (1981/1982-2009/2010), and the comparison between these indicators for different periods in producing cotton at New Halfa Agricultural Production Corporation (first period 1981/1982-1991/1992) individual account system, (second period 1992/1993-2009/2010) liberalization in the following phases: Financial and economic indicators (net present worth NPW, benefit cost ratio B/C , internal rate of return IRR, net benefit investment N/K ratio, and payback period), area, production and average yield. The study was mainly based on the secondary data of the cotton crop at (NHAPC) such as areas, production, average yield, return, costs, benefits and net benefits for period (1981/82- 2009/10), using descriptive statistics, simple mathematics, and different ways of analysis and descriptive tables. The financial and economic evaluation during the periods (1981/1982- 2009/2010), (1981/1982-1991/1992), (1992/1993- 2009/2010) study showed that the production of cotton was feasible and the indicators were positive. The study recommended that the Government should have a commitment to appropriate agricultural policies, subsidize the agricultural sector particularly with regard to increasing the areas of cotton production, reduce the cost of production, process cotton locally to increase the added value, and manufacture the inputs locally for making more foreign currencies, and increase the cotton production through research development and extension.


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