alexa Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology and Color Doppler Sonog
ISSN: 2168-9857

Medical & Surgical Urology
Open Access

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Research Article

Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology and Color Doppler Sonography for Evaluation of Azoospermic Patients

Mohamed H Khater and Khaled Gharib*

Department of Dermatology and Venerology Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Egypt

*Corresponding Author:
Khaled Gharib
Department of Dermatology and Venerology Medicine
Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Egypt
Tel: 00201001658084
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: April 17, 2015; Accepted date: July 17, 2015; Published date: Juy 30, 2015

Citation: Khater MH, Gharib K (2015) Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology and Color Doppler Sonography for Evaluation of Azoospermic Patients. Med Surg Urol 4:151. doi: 10.4172/2168-9857.1000151

Copyright: © 2015 Khater MH, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Azoospermia is defined as the absence of spermatozoa in the semen. If no spermatozoa are observed in the wet preparation, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends an examination of the centrifuged sample (3000 X g or greater for 15 minutes). Approximately 1% of all men in the general population suffer from azoospermia, and azoospermic men constitute approximately 10 to 15% of all infertile men. This work aims to investigate whether color Doppler ultrasound can detect active spermatogenic foci within azoospermic testis or not. Also to evaluate the technique of FNAC as an alternative method for qualitative and quantitative analysis compared with open testicular histopathology. This work was carried out on 150 patients, complaining of infertility for at least one year. In conclusion, the results of this study demonstrate that color Doppler sonography represent promising methods for the assessment of patients affected by azoospermia allowing us to discriminate obstructive azoospermia (normal vessel distribution) from non-obstructive azoospermia (reduced or absent testicular vessels). FNAC of azoospermic testis is a cost-effective and safe method of evaluating male infertility.


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