First Report of Congenital Neospora Caninum Encephalomyelitis in Two Newborn Calves in the Argentinean Pampas
- *Corresponding Author:
- Juan Francisco Micheloud
National Institute of Agrarian Technology, Argentina
Tel: (0387) 490 2214/490 2224
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: July 15, 2015 Accepted date: September 15, 2015 Published date: September 17, 2015
Citation: Micheloud JF, Moore DP, Canal AM, Lischinsky L, Hecker YP, et al. (2015) First Report of Congenital Neospora Caninum Encephalomyelitis in Two Newborn Calves in the Argentinean Pampas. J Veterinar Sci Technol 6:251. doi:10.4172/2157-7579.1000251
Copyright: © 2015 Micheloud JF, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Bovine neosporosis is a parasitic disease of major concern in cattle industry worldwide. Although abortion is the more frequent clinical presentation, sporadic congenital clinical bovine neosporosis has been scarcely reported in newborn calves. Neospora caninum encephalomyelitis was diagnosed in two of 314 newborn calves submitted for necropsy and laboratory analysis between 2000 and 2014. The two new born calves had limb dysfunction, loss of conscious proprioception and ataxia. Protozoal multifocal nonsuppurative encephalomyelitis was observed and diagnosis was confirmed using serology, immunohistochemistry and PCR. This is the first report of clinical congenital neosporosis in calves from Argentina.