alexa Fish Toxicity of Commercial Herbicides Formulated With Glyphosate | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2161-0525

Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology
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  • Research Article   
  • J Environ Anal Toxicol 2013, Vol 4(1): 199

Fish Toxicity of Commercial Herbicides Formulated With Glyphosate

Diego Martín Jofré, María José Germanó García, Rodrigo Salcedo, Mirta Morales, Maria Alvarez, Daniel Enriz and Fernando Giannini*
Departamento de Química, Facultad de Química, Bioquímica y Farmacia. Universidad Nacional de San Luis, , Chacabuco, San Luis-Argentina, Argentina
*Corresponding Author : Fernando Giannini, Departamento de Química, Facultad de Química Bioquímica y Farmacia, Universidad Nacional de San Luis, Chacabuco 917. (5700) San Luis-Argentina, Argentina, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Oct 11, 2013 / Accepted Date: Nov 28, 2013 / Published Date: Dec 02, 2013

Abstract

We report here the acute and chronic toxicity of two commercial formulations of herbicides whose active ingredient is glyphosate (Glacoxan® and Estrella®). The acute toxicity was tested toward two fish species Danio rerio and Poecilia reticulata by evaluating the mortality. The chronic toxicity was assessed in D. rerio by measuring the biochemical parameters glutamic pyruvic transaminase (AST) and glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (ASL). In addition the analysis of haematological parameters (morphological study) was carried out. The results indicate that both herbicides produce acute toxicity toward the two tested species. In addition the biochemical parameters displayed high values as a sign of chronic toxicity. Thereby, indicating that both herbicides may produce environmental damage.

Keywords: Fish toxicity; Commercial herbicides; Glyphosate; Danio rerio; Poecilia reticulata; Glutamic pyruvic transaminase; Glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase; Haematological parameters

Citation: Jofré DM, García MJG, Salcedo R, Morales M, Alvarez M, et al. (2013) Fish Toxicity of Commercial Herbicides Formulated With Glyphosate. J Environ Anal Toxicol 3:199.

Copyright: © 2013 Jofré DM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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