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ISSN: 2329-9096

International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
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Case Report

Fixation Duration Changes in Rett Syndrome after Habilitation Intervention

Daisuke Hirano1,2*, Kaori Hayashi3, Yuka Onose3, Mizuho Ishii3, Megumi Miyauchi3, Hidenobu Sekimori1,4, Takamichi Taniguchi1,4, Hideo Shimoizumi1,3 and Takahiro Niida1,5

1Graduate School of Health and Welfare Sciences, International University of Health and Welfare, 1-3-3 Minamiaoyama, Minato, Tokyo 107-0062, Japan

2Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Nursing and Rehabilitation Sciences at Odawara, International University of Health and Welfare, 1-2-25 Shiroyama, Odawara, Kanagawa 250-8588, Japan

3Nasu Institute for Developmental Disabilities, International University of Health and Welfare Rehabilitation Center, 2600-7 Kitakanemaru, Otawara, Tochigi 324-0011, Japan

4Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Health Sciences, International University of Health and Welfare, 2600-1 Kitakanemaru, Otawara, Tochigi 324-8501, Japan

5Department of Orthoptics and Visual Sciences, School of Health Sciences, International University of Health and Welfare, 2600-1 Kitakanemaru, Otawara, Tochigi 324-8501, Japan

*Corresponding Author:
Daisuke Hirano
Department of Occupational Therapy
School of Nursing and Rehabilitation Sciences at Odawara
International University of Health and Welfare
1-2-25 Shiroyama, Odawara, Kanagawa 250-8588, Japan
Tel: +81-465-21-6500
Fax: +81-465-21-6501
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: March 11, 2015; Accepted date: April 23, 2015; Published date: April 26, 2015

Citation: Hirano D, Hayashi K, Onose Y, Ishii M, Miyauchi M, et al. (2015) Fixation Duration Changes in Rett Syndrome after Habilitation Intervention. Int J Phys Med Rehabil 3:271. doi:10.4172/2329-9096.1000271

Copyright: © 2015 Hirano D, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of longitudinal habilitation intervention by care staff upon fixation duration in an individual with Rett syndrome using an eye-tracking system. The participant was a 22- year-old woman suffering from Rett syndrome. She could watch television but could not communicate verbally or execute purposeful upper extremity movements. We evaluated whether she could change the pattern of an eye gaze target by learning with the intervention of care staff. Fixation duration to the experimental targets was significantly changed after intervention for 3 weeks compared with before intervention. We consider that this improvement occurred because the patient learned the experimental tasks. Our findings suggest that individuals with Rett syndrome can acquire various abilities using eye gaze. Eye-tracking was shown to be a feasible method for visualizing the learning abilities of individuals with Rett syndrome and judging the outcome of habilitation intervention.

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