Food and Feeding Habits of Cyprinus carpio Var. communis: A Reason that Decline Schizothoracine Fish Production from Dal Lake of Kashmir Valley
Gulzar Naik*, Mudasir Rashid, Balkhi MH and Bhat FA
Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Rangil, Ganderbal, Jammu and Kashmir, India
- Corresponding Author:
- Gulzar naik
Faculty of Fisheries
Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir
Rangil, Ganderbal, Jammu and Kashmir, 190006, India
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: November 04, 2015; Accepted Date: December 21, 2015; Published Date: December 27, 2015
Citation: Naik G, Rashid M, Balkhi MH, Bhat FA (2015) Food and Feeding Habits of Cyprinus carpio Var. communis: A Reason that Decline Schizothoracine Fish Production from Dal Lake of Kashmir Valley. Fish Aquac J 6:155. doi:10.4172/2150-3508.1000155
Copyright: © 2015 Naik G, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
In this paper, we studied the food and feeding habits of exotic Cyprinus carpio Var. communis. The results obtained by analysing the gut contents of common carp showed that on an average basis, detritus formed 43.5% of total food, while the remaining food (56.5%) consisted of plant (31.21%) and animal matter (25.29%). The fish was designated as detri-omnivore with bottom feeding habit. Gastroosmatic index (Ga.S.I.) recorded its highest value during July (6.28), while lowest value was recorded in February (3.34).The index remained generally high during the warmer months, followed by a gradual decline with the approach of winter. On comparing, food and feeding habits and Ga.S.I. of exotic common carp with that of endemic schizothoracines was found almost similar and there might be existing a feeding competition between them, which might be one of the cause that declined endemic schizothoracine fish production from Dal Lake of Kashmir valley.