alexa Formation and Elution of Toxic Compounds from γ-Ray Sterilized Medical Products: Toxic Compound Formation and Ames test of Eluted Components
ISSN : 2153-2435

Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Formation and Elution of Toxic Compounds from γ-Ray Sterilized Medical Products: Toxic Compound Formation and Ames test of Eluted Components

Hideharu Shintani*

Chuo Univertsity, Bunkyo-ku Tokyo 112-8551, Japan

*Corresponding Author:
Hideharu Shintani
1-10-60, Minamidaira, Hino
Tokyo 191-0041, Japan
Tel: +81425922336
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: October 09, 2012; Accepted date: November 05, 2012; Published date: November 08, 2012

Citation: Shintani H (2012) Formation and Elution of Toxic Compounds from γ-Ray Sterilized Medical Products: Toxic Compound Formation and Ames test of Eluted Components. Pharmaceut Anal Acta 3:185. doi: 10.4172/2153-2435.1000185

Copyright: © 2012 Shintani H. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



No formation of MDA was observed in chain-extended thermoplastic polyurethane (PU) when sterilized by autoclave or γ-ray irradiation. No formation of MDA was observed in nonchain-extended thermoplastic PU when sterilized by γ-ray irradiation. Less than 1 ppm of MDA was produced in nonchain-extended thermoplastic PU sterilized by autoclave sterilization. Autoclave sterilization did not produce MDA in thermosetting PU potting material. MDA formation in potting material was promoted by γ-ray irradiation and increased with increasing irradiation doses at a quadratic equation of regression. MDA formation at 100 kGy irradiation is a few ppm and less than one ppm at 25 kGy irradiation, therefore the potential risk to human recipients was not significant. The elution of compounds other than MDA from potting material was more problematic. Solvent extracts from potting material presented mutagenicity in the absence of metabolic activity (S9Mix). MDA presented mutagenicity in the presence of metabolic activity; therefore MDA was not the major mutagenic candidate. The chemical and biological characteristics of the specific mutagens required to identify in a further study. Negative promotion of MDA formation and a lesser presence of mutagen in autoclave sterilized potting material indicated that autoclave sterilization was preferable if the material is tolerable to heating.

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading Please wait..
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version