Fourteen Year Surveillance of Nosocomial Infections in Neurology UnitRecep Tekin1*, Tuba Dal2, M. Ugur Çevik3, Fatma Bozkurt1, Özcan Deveci1, Alicem Tekin2 and Salih Hosoglu1
- *Corresponding Author:
- Recep Tekin
Department of Infectious Disease and Clinical Microbiology
Faculty of Medicine, Dicle University, Medical School
Yenisehir 21280 Diyarbakir, Turkey
Tel: +90 412 248 80 01- 4858
Fax: +90 412 248 84 40
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: May 02, 2012; Accepted date: August 29, 2012; Published date: August 30, 2012
Citation: Tekin R, Dal T, Çevik MU, Bozkurt F, Deveci Ö, et al. (2012) Fourteen Year Surveillance of Nosocomial Infections in Neurology Unit. J Bacteriol Parasitol 3:149. doi: 10.4172/2155-9597.1000149
Copyright: ©2012 Tekin R, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term data of Neurology Unit and emphasize the importance of hospital infection control. Materials and Method: This study was performed between January, 1997 and December, 2010. The surveillance method was active, prospective, and based on laboratory and patient. Active surveillance of nosocomial infections (NIs) was performed by infection control team, using the criteria proposed by the CDC (The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) and National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance System (NNIS) methodology. Results: During the study period, 435 episodes were detected in 384 patients. The overall incidence rates (NI/100) and incidence densities (NI/1000 days of stay) of NIs were 3.7% (range 1.0-7.7) and 3.2/1,000 patient-day (range 0.8-7.2/1000), respectively. The most common nosocomial infections by primary site were urinary tract infections (32%), and pneumonia (25.1%). The most prevalent microorganisms were coagulase-negative staphylococci (39.4%), Escherichia coli (18%), Staphylococcus aureus (10%) and Klebsiella spp. (9.9%). Conclusion: We conclude that development of nosocomial infection will be prevented by monitoring the patients in fully-equipped intensive care units, the rapid termination of invasive procedures, appropriate antibiotic therapy and discharging the patient, significantly.