Fractal and Euclidean Geometrical Diagnosis of Cervix CytologyJavier Rodríguez1*, Signed Prieto2, Catalina Correa3, Fernando Polo4 and Paula López5
- *Corresponding Author:
- Javier Rodríguez Velásquez
Cra. 79B No. 51-16 Sur.
Int. 5. Apartment. 102, Kennedy
Bogotá D.C., Colombia
Tel: 057 3134057252
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: January 06, 2014; Accepted date: February 26, 2014; Published date: February 28, 2014
Citation: Rodríguez J, Prieto S, Correa C, Polo F, López P (2014) Fractal and Euclidean Geometrical Diagnosis of Cervix Cytology. J Cancer Sci Ther 6:081-086. doi:10.4172/1948-5956.1000253
Copyright: © 2014 Rodríguez J, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Conventional methods for evaluation of cervix cytology show reproducibility problems. To solve this, there was developed a diagnostic methodology based on fractal and euclidean geometry, mathematically differentiating normality, L SIL and H SIL.
Objective: The aim of the present work is to confirm the clinical applicability of such diagnostic in a blind study.
Methods: The clinic diagnosis of 15 normal cells, 15 ASCUS, 15 L SIL and 15 H SIL was masked. Cellular nucleus and cytoplasm were evaluated calculating fractal dimension, number of spaces occupied by the frontier and number of pixels occupied by the surface of each object. The mathematical diagnosis was established and compared with the conventional diagnosis, calculating specificity, sensibility, negative likelihood ratio and Kappa coefficient.
Results: It was found that simultaneous measures of the nuclear surface and the subtraction between the frontiers of cytoplasm and nucleus, lead to differentiate normality, L SIL and H SIL. Both sensibility and specificity values were of 100 percent. Kappa coefficient was 1 and negative likelihood ratio was zero. 4 ASCUS showed mathematical measures of normality, while the remaining 11 showed values of L-SIL cells.
Conclusion: The mathematical diagnostic prove to be useful for clinical evaluation of cervix cytology, differentiating normality, L SIL and H SIL, quantifying how close it is the cell to a higher severity stage, and clearing up the undetermination of the ASCUS cells.