Free Radicals in the Thermally Sterilized Aminoglycoside AntibioticsPawel Ramos1*, Barbara Pilawa1, Andrzej Krzton2 and Barbara Liszka2
- *Corresponding Author:
- Pawel Ramos
Medical University of Silesia in Katowice
School of Pharmacy and Laboratory Medicine
Department of Biophysics, Jednosci 8, 41-200 Sosnowiec, Poland
Tel: +48 32 364 11 64
Fax: +48 32 364 11 60
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: November 15, 2012; Accepted date: November 28, 2012; Published date: November 30, 2012
Citation: Ramos P, Pilawa B, Krzton A, Liszka B (2012) Free Radicals in the Thermally Sterilized Aminoglycoside Antibiotics. Pharmaceut Anal Acta 3:193. doi: 10.4172/2153-2435.1000193
Copyright: © 2012 Ramos P, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Changes of the chemical structure and free radicals formation in aminoglycoside antibiotics during sterilization at temperatures 160°C, 170°C, and 180°C according to the pharmacological norms were studied. EPR and DRIFT spectroscopy were applied as experimental methods. It was demonstrated that free radicals are formed in streptomycin, gentamicin, neomycin, sisomicin, paromomycin, and tobramycin during thermal sterilization. Complex free radicals system with the complex shape of EPR spectra characterized the tested samples. Mainly oxygen free radicals exist in the tested heated antibiotics. The EPR lines of the analyzed antibiotics are homogeneously broadened. Fast spin-lattice relaxation processes exist in the examined sterilized aminoglycoside antibiotics. Free radicals concentrations in the aminoglycoside antibiotics depend on the temperature and time of sterilization. The highest free radicals concentrations characterize thermally sterilized sisomicin. Streptomycin, gentamicin, neomycin, paromomycin, and tobramycin may be sterilized at temperatures 160°C, 170°C and 180°C. Sisomicin should be sterilized at temperature 180°C. Free radicals concentration changes during storage of the examined antibiotics, and probably interactions with oxygen molecules may be responsible for this effect. DRIFT studies shown that sterilization conditions, the temperature and the presence of oxygen, causes only small changes in the chemical structure of aminoglycoside antibiotics by alteration of the functional groups. EPR and DRIFT methods are proposed to optimization of the thermal sterilization process of drugs and conditions of their storage.