Frequency of Attempted Suicide Methods and the Fetal Outcomes in Pregnant Women in Kermanshah
- *Corresponding Author:
- Behzad Ebrahimi
Imam Reza Hospital, Kermanshah
University of Medical science
Parastar Avenue, Kermanshah 671441533
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: April 23, 2014; Accepted date: May 18, 2014; Published date: May 24, 2014
Citation: Zangeneh M, Veisi F, Ebrahimi B (2014) Frequency of Attempted Suicide Methods and the Fetal Outcomes in Pregnant Women in Kermanshah. J Women’s Health Care 3:164. doi:10.4172/2167-0420.1000164
Copyright: © 2014 Zangeneh M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Introduction: The present study aimed to investigate the suicide methods and attempted suicide during pregnancy and its maternal and fetal outcomes.
Materials and Methods: This is a five-year retrospective study. The statistical population consisted of pregnant women who had attempted suicide and referred to Imam Khomeini Hospital in Kermanshah on 23.08.2007 till 22.08.2012. Data analysis was carried out using SPSS 16 and chi-square test.
Results: Among 16,000 cases of the people who have attempted suicide within the five years, 89 people were pregnant women. The most common method of suicide among pregnant women during the study period was drug poisoning (39 cases, 43.3%), self-immolation (23 cases, 25.6%), poisoning by opium (14 cases, 15.6%), organophosphorus poisoning (11 cases, 12.2%), hanging (1 case, 1.1%) and 1 case of poisoning by oil (1.1%), respectively. Most fetal outcomes were observed in self-immolation.
Discussion: The results showed that drug poisoning and self-immolation were more common in the first and third trimesters, respectively. Since suicide is one of the causes of maternal mortality and adverse fetal consequences, it needs more attention as a health and social problem.