Frequency of Metabolic Syndrome in a Rural District Hospital in Malaysia
|Aye M1*, Cabot JSF1 and Razak MSA2|
|1Department of Medicine, UniKL Royal College of Medicine, Perak, Malaysia|
|2State Health Department, Ministry of Health, Perak, Malaysia|
|Corresponding Author :||Aye M
Department of Medicine
UniKL Royal College of Medicine
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received September 05, 2013; Accepted November 13, 2013; Published November 22, 2013|
|Citation: Aye M, Cabot JSF, Razak MSA (2013) Frequency of Metabolic Syndrome in a Rural District Hospital in Malaysia. J Metabolic Synd 2:132. doi:10.4172/2167- 0943.1000132|
|Copyright: © 2013 Aye M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
Methods: A cross-sectional analysis of data was performed from 355 patients who attended rural Malaysian district hospital outpatient clinics from January to June 2011, using the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria to define MetS and identify the demographic risk factors for developing MetS.
Results: Prevalence MetS was 48.7% of which 63.6% were female. Hypertension was the most common metabolic risk factor (82.4%). Age, female sex and BMI were significant factors for developing MetS with OR=1.05 (CI=1.03- 1.06), 2.53 (CI=1.51-4.26) and 1.19 (CI=1.13-1.25) respectively. Risk was significantly lower among Chinese patients compared to Indian patients p=0.01, OR=0.46 (CI=0.23-0.87).
Conclusion: Age, female gender and ethnicity were noted to be demographic factors for developing MetS.