alexa Frequency of Metabolic Syndrome in a Rural District Hospital in Malaysia
ISSN: 2167-0943

Journal of Metabolic Syndrome
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Research Article

Frequency of Metabolic Syndrome in a Rural District Hospital in Malaysia

Aye M1*, Cabot JSF1 and Razak MSA2
1Department of Medicine, UniKL Royal College of Medicine, Perak, Malaysia
2State Health Department, Ministry of Health, Perak, Malaysia
Corresponding Author : Aye M
Department of Medicine
UniKL Royal College of Medicine
Perak, Malaysia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received September 05, 2013; Accepted November 13, 2013; Published November 22, 2013
Citation: Aye M, Cabot JSF, Razak MSA (2013) Frequency of Metabolic Syndrome in a Rural District Hospital in Malaysia. J Metabolic Synd 2:132. doi:10.4172/2167- 0943.1000132
Copyright: © 2013 Aye M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Background: Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of factors that increase the risk of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) and Diabetes Mellitus (DM).

Methods: A cross-sectional analysis of data was performed from 355 patients who attended rural Malaysian district hospital outpatient clinics from January to June 2011, using the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria to define MetS and identify the demographic risk factors for developing MetS.

Results: Prevalence MetS was 48.7% of which 63.6% were female. Hypertension was the most common metabolic risk factor (82.4%). Age, female sex and BMI were significant factors for developing MetS with OR=1.05 (CI=1.03- 1.06), 2.53 (CI=1.51-4.26) and 1.19 (CI=1.13-1.25) respectively. Risk was significantly lower among Chinese patients compared to Indian patients p=0.01, OR=0.46 (CI=0.23-0.87).

Conclusion: Age, female gender and ethnicity were noted to be demographic factors for developing MetS.

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