Fruit and Vegetables Consumption among Children and Adolescents: Determinants of Consumption and Possible Solutions
Ahlam B El Shikeri*
Taibah University, Al Madinah Al Munawarah, Saudi Arabia
- *Corresponding Author:
- Ahlam B El Shikeri
Public Health Nutritionist, Taibah University
P.O. Box 4583, Postal code 41412, Al
Madinah Al Munawarah, Saudi Arabia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: July 09, 2016; Accepted date: July 28, 2016; Published date: August 04, 2016
Citation: Shikeri AB (2016) Fruit and Vegetables Consumption among Children and Adolescents: Determinants of Consumption and Possible Solutions. J Food Process Technol 7:612. doi:10.4172/2157- 7110.1000612
Copyright: © 2016 Shikari AB. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Nutritional health during childhood and adolescency is important for supporting the growing body and for preventing future health problems. Fruits and vegetables are important components of a healthy diet. Their consumption varies considerably among and within countries. Large proportions of children do not fulfill the World Health Organization recommendation of eating fruit and vegetables per day. Reduced fruit and vegetables’ consumption is linked to poor health, constipation and increased risk of non-communicable diseases including cancer. The dietary fibre available in the outer skin of these foods could help to lower blood pressure, and together with phytochemicals such as plant sterols, flavonoids and other antioxidants found in fruit and vegetables may be important in modulating cholesterol and other biological processes. In addition, obesity and overweight among this age group is being associated with low intake of fruit and vegetables. The determinants for high consumption levels of fruit and vegetable are found to be related to female gender, socioeconomic status, high preferences for fruit and vegetables, large parental intake of fruit and vegetables and high availability/accessibility of fruit and vegetables at home as well as peer influence. Possible solutions to improve fruit and vegetables’ consumption include behavioural interventions and improvements in agricultural and food systems will be discussed.