alexa GB Virus C Infection among Lithuanian Population with Hepatitis C (HCV) Virus Infection
ISSN: 1948-5964

Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

GB Virus C Infection among Lithuanian Population with Hepatitis C (HCV) Virus Infection

Valinciute A1 *, Kiveryte S2 and Mauricas M1

1Immunology Department, State Research Institute Centre for Innovative Medicine, Vilnius, Lithuania

2Laboratory of Molecular Diagnostics, Center of Laboratory Diagnostics, Vilnius University Hospital Santariskiu Clinics, Vilnius, Lithuania

*Corresponding Author:
Valinciute A
Immunology Department
State Research Institute Centre for Innovative Medicine
Vilnius, Lithuania
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: August 05, 2013; Accepted Date: September 02, 2013; Published Date: September 04, 2013

Citation: Valinciute A, Kiveryte S, Mauricas M (2013) GB Virus C Infection among Lithuanian Population with Hepatitis C (HCV) Virus Infection. J Antivir Antiretrovir 5:132-136. doi: 10.4172/jaa.1000076

Copyright: © 2013 Valinciute A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Background: GB virus C (GBV-C), also known as hepatitis G virus (HGV), is an enveloped virus with about 9,4Kb genome-length single-strand RNA. Based on similarity in genome structure with HCV, the GBV-C virus is classified as the Flaviviridae family virus. The GBV-C virus has a worldwide distribution and virus infections are common among healthy blood donors as well as among immunocompromised individuals. Previous studies showed the high GBV-C co-infection rate in hepatitis C virus (HCV) and Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive individuals. Based on genetic differences between the 5′ untranslated region (5′UTR) sequences of GBV-C isolates, virus is classified into seven major genotypes and in several subtypes. The distribution of GBV-C genotypes varies geographically and information is still incomplete. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency the frequency of GBV-C and the GBV-C genotypes among the HCV positive individuals in Lithuania.
Methods: In this study, GBV-C RNA was isolated from serum samples of 170 patients with known HCV infection. The nested reverse transcriptase reaction was used to synthesize the complementary DNA (cDNA) and the fragment of 210 bp from 5′UTR region was amplified by nested RT PCR. The PCR products were sequenced and subjected to phylogenetic analysis by using reference sequences from each genotype obtained from GenBank (n=46). The analysis was computed using CLC bio version 6.6.5 and MEGA 5.2.
Results: Among 170 HCV positive patients, 36 (21.17%) were positive for GBV-C. Based on phylogenetic analysis of a short region (210 bp) in 5′UTR region two genotypes, 2a and 3 were classified.
Conclusions: In this study it was found a high frequency of the GBV-C genotype 2a in Lithuanian HCV positive patients. The presence of the genotype 3 may be correlated to the geographical location and history of Lithuania.

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading Please wait..
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version