Gender Differences in Perceived Social Support in U.S. Chinese Older Adults
|Melissa A Simon1, Ruijia Chen2 and XinQi Dong2*|
|1Department of Obstetrics/Gynecology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA|
|2Rush Institute for Healthy Aging, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA|
|Corresponding Author :||Xin Qi Dong
Director, Chinese Health, Aging and Policy Program
Associate director of the Rush Institute for Health Aging
Associate Professor of Medicine
Nursing and Behavioral Sciences at Rush University Medical Center
Chicago, Illinois, 1645 West Jackson
Suite 675, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
Tel: 312 942 3350
Fax: 312 942 2861
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received May 01, 2014; Accepted July 18, 2014; Published July 20, 2014|
|Citation: Simon MA, Chen R, Dong X (2014) Gender Differences in Perceived Social Support in U.S. Chinese Older Adults. J Gerontol Geriat Res 3:163. doi:10.4172/2167-7182.1000163|
|Copyright: © 2014 Simon MA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
Background: This study examined gender differences in perceived positive and negative social support among U.S. Chinese older adults.
Methods: Data were drawn from the PINE study, a population-based study of Chinese older adults in the greater Chicago area.
Results: Of the 3,159 Chinese older adults surveyed, 58.9% were women. Compared with men and women were more likely to perceive positive spousal support (rely on: 89.8% vs. 85.2%, p<0.01), family support (open upto: 88.5% vs.81.5%, p<0.001; rely on: 91.8% vs. 87.9%, p<0.001) and friend support (open upto: 74.7% vs. 64.4%, p<0.001; rely on: 61.4% vs. 56.9%, p<0.05), whereas men were more likely than women to perceive negative spousal support (been demanded too much: 17.4% vs. 10.7%, p<0.001; been criticized: 35.6% vs. 25.9%, p<0.001). Younger age (r=0.10), higher levels of education (r=0.10), being married (r=0.08), living with a larger number of people (r=0.06), higher overall health status (r=0.14), better quality of life (r=0.20) and improved health over the past year (r=0.07) were significantly and positively correlated with perceived positive social support in older women.
Conclusions: Perceived social support varied by gender among U.S. Chinese older adults. Longitudinal studies are needed to understand the outcomes associated with positive and negative social support.