Gender Differences in Sickle Cell Crises: Implications for Genetic Counselling and Psychotherapy*Corresponding Author: Oluwatoyin Olatundun Ilesanmi, PhD in Clinical Psychology, USIP Certificate in Conflict Analysis, PN and M, Trained Genetic Counsellor and Gendered Psychotherapist, Centre for Gender and Social Policy Studies, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria, Tel: +0234-8052236377, Email: [email protected], [email protected]
Received Date: Jul 17, 2013 / Accepted Date: Aug 26, 2013 / Published Date: Sep 02, 2013
Citation: Ilesanmi OO (2013) Gender Differences in Sickle Cell Crises: Implications for Genetic Counselling and Psychotherapy. J Psychol Psychother 3:123.DOI: 10.4172/2161-0487.1000123
Copyright: © 2013 . This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Painless and painful crises are common phenomena in sickle cell crises. People with Sickle Cell Disorder (SCD) do experience both chronic and acute pain throughout life. The painful crisis is unpleasant with wide variation in intensity, quality, duration and persistence. It accounts for over 60% of hospital admissions in any given year of persons affected with SCD. Little attempt has been made to survey gender differences in frequency and intensity of pain as well as types of crises often experience by individuals suffering SCD. Thus researches focusing on gender differences in SCD crises are rear despite the fact the two men often report lower pain thresholds, higher pain ratings, and lower to lerance for pain. Men affected by SCD also experience low nitric oxide. Psychologically, women experienced high level of anxiety over pregnancy related crises. Thus, limited understanding and awareness exists among mental health practitioners on the need for genetic counseling and about the psychotherapeutic management of painful crises in persons affected by SCD. Hence, the need for this research that attempt to examine the differences in crises as well as proffer solutions for the genetic and mental health implications of these disorders