Gene Expression Changes in Rat Liver and Testes after Lung Instillation of a Low Dose of Silver NanoparticlesTeresa Coccini1*, Rosalba Gornati2, Federica Rossi2, Elena Signoretto2, Isabella Vanetti2, Giovanni Bernardini2 and Luigi Manzo1
- *Corresponding Author:
- Teresa Coccini
IRCCS Maugeri Foundation, Medical Institute of Pavia
Laboratory of Clinical Toxicology, Via Maugeri
10 - 27100 Pavia, Italy
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: June 23, 2014; Accepted Date: September 12, 2014; Published Date: September 22, 2014
Citation: Coccini T, Gornati R, Rossi F, Signoretto E, Vanetti I, et al. (2014) Gene Expression Changes in Rat Liver and Testes after Lung Instillation of a Low Dose of Silver Nanoparticles. J Nanomed Nanotechnol 5:227. doi:10.4172/2157-7439.1000227
Copyright: © 2014 Coccini T, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The expression profile of genes involved in oxidative stress, metal toxicity, apoptosis/cell cycle, and protein folding was investigated in liver and testis of Sprague-Dawley rats at different time intervals after i.t. instillation of AgNP (20 nm, 50 μg/rat). At 7 days, selective changes in the expression of genes encoding oxidative stress-related enzymes, namely Gpx1, SOD, FMO2 and GAPDH were observed in hepatic and testicular tissues. Other genes implicated in oxidative stress (Txnrd1, Gss, Gsr), metal toxicity (Mt1), apoptosis/cell cycle (casp3, p53), and protein-folding processes (Hsp70) were not modified. Gene expression was modulated by AgNPs in a tissue- and time-dependent manner. In particular, SOD was up-regulated in both tissues, but significant Gpx1, FMO2, and GAPDH overexpression was seen in testes only. No gene expression changes were seen in both tissues 28 days post-instillation. Unlike AgNPs, pulmonary treatment with AgNO3 (7 μg/rat), did not cause gene expression changes in both tissues at both time points studied, suggesting that dissimilar mechanisms are implicated in toxicity and/or biokinetics of nanoparticulate and ionic silver. The results demonstrate subtle systemic changes involving selected oxidative stress-related genes in the liver and testis of animals exposed by pulmonary route to a low dose of AgNPs. These effects were apparently reversible as changes were observed at day 7 but not day 28. Recovery could possibly reflect either compensatory mechanism contrasting the initial toxicogenomic response to AgNPs or the silver removal from the tested organs. These findings may be of toxicological relevance in relation to possible health risks associated with occupational or consumer exposure to nanosilver.