alexa Genetic Selection Barriers in Global Development of Rural Goat Production and a Simplified Approach in Identification of Proper Polymorphic Types | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2157-7579

Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology
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Research Article

Genetic Selection Barriers in Global Development of Rural Goat Production and a Simplified Approach in Identification of Proper Polymorphic Types

E.K. Barbour1*, M.F. Saade1, S.K. Hamadeh1, H.A. Shaib1, Z. Kassaifi2, A. Abdelnour3, S. Harakeh4 and Taha Kumosani5
1Department of Animal and Veterinary Sciences (FAFS), American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon and Adjunct Professor at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2Nutrition and Food Sciences, FAFS, AUB, Lebanon
3Institute of Polytechnique LaSalle Beauvais, 19 rue Pierre Waguet, 60000 Beauvais, France
4King Fahad Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
5Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Science and Experimental Biochemistry Unit, King Fahad Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Corresponding Author : Elie K. Barbour
Department of Animal and Veterinary Sciences (FAFS)
American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
Tel: +961-1-350000, Ext:4460
Fax: +961-1-744460
E-mail: [email protected]
Received December 20, 2012; Accepted January 05, 2013; Published January 07, 2013
Citation: Barbour EK, Saade MF, Hamadeh SK, Shai HA, Kassaifi Z, et al. (2013) Genetic Selection Barriers in Global Development of Rural Goat Production and a Simplified Approach in Identification of Proper Polymorphic Types. J Veterinar Sci Technol S11:004. doi:10.4172/2157-7579.S11-004
Copyright: © 2013 Barbour EK, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

The lack of enough funding for rural development projects is hindering the genetic characterization of goats around the globe. This is the first simplified recognition of multiple polymorphism of production, immunity, and health genes of sperms in rural goats, paving in its potential towards adoption of this model for future selection programs, targeting a direct improvement of rural goat herds, and aiming at an indirect benefit to the poor shepherd’s livelihood around the globe. The multiple polymorphism was studied in the sperms’ production genes (Growth Hormone, and αS1-Casein), immunity gene (MHC Class II DRB), and Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy (TSE) resistant gene (PrP). The known genome of Saanen goat sperms was used as a control-reference in this research. There was a difference in the frequency of polymorphic types in PCR-amplicons of Growth Hormone subjected to HaeIII restriction endonuclease, of αS1-Casein subjected to XmnI enzyme, MHC class II DRB subjected to TaqI endonuclease, and PrP subjected to amino acid sequencing. The recognition of multiple polymorphisms in important production, immunity, and health related sperm genes of rural goats, could be used in a reliable model for establishing future selection programs aiming at improvement of food security and safety in rural areas.

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