Gentle Massage Improves Disease- and Treatment-Related Symptoms in Patients with Acute Myelogenous Leukemia
|Ann Gill Taylor1*, Audrey E Snyder2, Joel G Anderson1, Cynthia J Brown3, John J Densmore4 and Cheryl Bourguignon1|
|1Center for the Study of Complementary and Alternative Therapies, University of Virginia School of Nursing, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA|
|2University of Virginia School of Nursing, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA|
|3University of West Georgia School of Nursing, Carrollton, Georgia, USA|
|4Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Medicine, University of Virginia Medical Center, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA|
|Corresponding Author :||Ann Gill Taylor
EdD, RN, FAAN, Center for the Study of Complementary and Alternative Therapies
University of Virginia School of Nursing
Charlottesville, Virginia, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received February 02, 2014; Accepted March 13, 2014; Published March 17, 2014|
|Citation: Taylor AG, Snyder AE, Anderson JG, Brown CJ, Densmore JJ, et al. (2014) Gentle Massage Improves Disease- and Treatment-Related Symptoms in Patients with Acute Myelogenous Leukemia. J Clin Trials 4:161. doi:10.4172/2167-0870.1000161|
|Copyright: © 2014 Taylor AG, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
Objective: Cancer treatment is reported to be stressful, and patients diagnosed with hematologic cancers often exhibit higher levels of anxiety and emotional distress than individuals with other malignancies. Management ofthese symptoms in patients with hematologic cancer presents significant challenges, as many of them are in and outof the hospital while undergoing high dose chemotherapy. Oncology patients use complementary modalities such astherapeutic massage in an attempt to alleviate disease and treatment-related symptoms, including anxiety andemotional distress. In the current study, the feasibility of a novel massage intervention delivered over the continuumof care, as well as assessment of the immediate and cumulative effects of massage, was examined in patients with acute myelogenous leukemia.
Methods: A mixed-methods, unmasked, prospective, randomized study was conducted with two groups: a usual care alone control group and a massage therapy intervention plus usual care group.
Results: Significant improvements in levels of stress and health-related quality of life were observed in the massage therapy group versus the usual care alone group, after adjusting for anxiety level, including both immediate and cumulative effects of massage.
Conclusions: While the findings of the current study regarding acceptability, feasibility, and potential efficacy of therapeutic massage as a complementary health-enhancing intervention in patients diagnosed with acute myelogenous leukemia are very promising, the relatively small size of the study sample limits generalizability.