alexa Geochemistry and Quality Characterization of Effon Psammite Ridge Spring Water, Southwestern Nigeria
ISSN: 2381-8719

Journal of Geology & Geophysics
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Geochemistry and Quality Characterization of Effon Psammite Ridge Spring Water, Southwestern Nigeria

Nwankwoala HO1*, Nwaogu C2, Bolaji TA1, Uzoegbu MU1, Abrakasa S3 and Amadi AN3
1Department of Geology, College of Natural and Applied Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria
2Department of Environmental Geosciences, Czech University of Life Sciences, Kanycka 1176, 1652, Praque 6, Czech Republic
3Department of Geology, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria
Corresponding Author : Nwankwoala HO
Department of Geology
College of Natural and Applied Sciences
University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Tel: +234-8036723009
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: October 15, 2015; Accepted: October 26, 2015; Published: November 01, 2015
Citation: Nwankwoala HO, Nwaogu C, Bolaji TA, Uzoegbu MU, Abrakasa S, et al. (2015) Geochemistry and Quality Characterization of Effon Psammite Ridge Spring Water, Southwestern Nigeria. J Geol Geophys 4:229. doi:10.4172/2381-8719.1000229
Copyright: © 2015 Nwankwoala HO, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Related article at Pubmed, Scholar Google
 

Abstract

This study evaluates the geochemistry and quality characterization in the Effon Psammite Spring, Southwestern Nigeria. Fifteen (15) water samples were collected from the study area at regular intervals and samples were analyzed in order to determine their quality characteristics. Except for pH values that is mildly acidic to slightly alkaline in some locations, the physico-chemical properties are below the WHO recommended standards for drinking water. The low values of the conductivity are mainly attributed to geochemical processes prevailing in the area. The mean concentration of the cations follows the order: Na+ >Ca2+ >K+ >Mg2+ while for anions, HCO3 - >Cl- > PO3 - >SO4 2- >NO3 -. The water is mildly acidic to alkaline due to dissociation of bicarbonate with the following water types: Na-SO4-Cl, Na- HCO3, Ca-Na-SO4 and Ca-Mg-HCO3-SO4 which are a reflection of geology and climate of the area. The mildly acidic to alkaline indices revealed that the spring water has undergone ion exchange between Na+K ions in the water with Ca and Mg of soil during the residence time of the water. The springs are being recharged from recent precipitation that has low water-rock interactions and low residence time within the aquiferous zones. The hydrochemical trend signifies low mineralized water with low water-rock interactions and residence time. Based on these water types and the presence of Na+, the concentrations of cations are geogenic in origin and might have come from the interaction of water and the rock or introduced from weathering of rocks into the spring water. It is recommended that effective development of springs should involve thorough examination of their seasonal discharges, including during the summer. In case water supply exceeds use, the surplus waters may be stored for future use in horticulture and to irrigate crop land. Moreso since springs are yet to receive substantial attention, utmost care must be taken to protect the Effon Psammite spring from contamination.

Keywords

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

i[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords