Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Update and Review of Literature
K.W. Cheung* and S.F. Wong
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Queen Mary Hospital, the University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China
- *Corresponding Author:
- Dr. K W Cheung
6/F, Professorial Block, Queen Mary Hospital
102 Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong, China
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: May 09, 2011; Accepted date: June 18, 2012; Published date: June 20, 2012
Citation: Cheung KW, Wong SF (2012) Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Update and Review of Literature. Reproductive Sys Sexual Disord S2:002. doi: 10.4172/2161-038X.S2-002
Copyright: © 2012 Cheung KW, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Gestational diabetes mellitus has been associated with various maternal and perinatal adverse outcomes. Screening and subsequent treatment are associated with short term benefit. With the recent recommended diagnostic criteria by the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups and increasing rate of obesity, the prevalence will continue to rise. It remains uncertain whether this new diagnostic criteria is cost effective or beneficial. Interventions include lifestyle modification, oral hypoglycaemic agents and insulin. The encouraging result and safety profile with oral hypoglycaemic agents may provide a safe alterative to insulin in patients who fail lifestyle modification.