alexa Glycemic Abnormalities in Adolescents
ISSN: 2155-6156

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism
Open Access

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Review Article

Glycemic Abnormalities in Adolescents

Ashraf Soliman1*, Vincenzo De Sanctis2, Mohamed Yassin3, Rania Elalaily4 and Haidar H Almawashi5
1Departments of Pediatrics, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar
2Pediatric and Adolescent Outpatient Clinic, Quisisana Hospital, Ferrara, Italy
3Department of Hematology and Oncology Alamal Hospital, HMC, Doha, Qatar
4Department of Primary Health Care (PHC), Doha, Qatar
5Department of Pediatrics, AlWakra Hospital – HMC, Doha Qatar
Corresponding Author : Ashraf T Soliman
Professor of Pediatrics and Endocrinology, Alexandria
University Children’s Hospital, Alexandria, Egypt
Tel: 00974-55983874
E-mail: [email protected]
Received August 28, 2014; Accepted September 29, 2014; Published October 07, 2014
Citation: Soliman A, De Sanctis V, Yassin M, Elalaily R, Haidar H, et al. (2014) Glycemic Abnormalities in Adolescents. J Diabetes Metab 5:448. doi:10.4172/2155-6156.1000448
Copyright: © 2014 Soliman A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Glycemic abnormalities including prediabetes and Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are emerging clinical problems in children and adolescents. Increased insulin resistance during pubertal development appears to uncover glycemic abnormalities. Pediatricians and physicians should be knowledgeable and conscious about the prevalence and progression of prediabetes to T2DM, the frequent mild or asymptomatic manifestation of T2DM in children and adolescents and the high risk of complications in these patients. Screening for glycemic abnormalities seems useful in high risk groups such as children and adolescents with obesity, family history of T2DM, and with clinical features suggestive of insulin resistance (hypertension, dyslipidemia, polycystic ovarian syndrome, or acanthosis nigricans). Modification of life style and reduction of obesity is still the prime target of prevention and early management of early glycemic abnormalities. However, use of hypoglycemic drugs is indicated when these measures fail to achieve adequate glycemic control.

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