Glycemic Control of Patients with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus in Saudi CommunityKhalid S. Aljabri* and Samia A. Bokhari
Division of Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, King Fahad Armed Forces Hospital, Saudi Arabia
- *Corresponding Author:
- Khalid S. Aljabri
Division of Endocrinology
Department of Internal Medicine
King Fahad Armed Forces Hospital
Jeddah, PO Box 6572, Makkah
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: February 06, 2013; Accepted date: March 23, 2013; Published date: March 27, 2013
Citation: Aljabri KS, Bokhari SA (2013) Glycemic Control of Patients with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus in Saudi Community. J Diabetes Metab 4:256.doi:10.4172/2155-6156.1000256
Copyright: © 2013 Aljabri KS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background and objective: The incidence of type 1 diabetes is increasing; Blood glucose may be the most important clinical characteristic of diabetic patients. Few studies have measured glycemic control in a representative national sample of people with diabetes The aim of this study were to describe glycemic control in patients with type 1 diabetes Mellitus.
Methods: A cross section study of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus at the diabetic centre in Saudi Arabia
Main results: There were 220 patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus, 91 male (41.4%) and 129 female (58.6%). The mean age was 21.3 ± 7.2. The mean diabetes duration was 7.5 ± 5.7. Male patients were not significantly different in age, diabetes duration, body mass index and HbA1c than female patients. The correlation of HbA1c and age, diabetes duration and body mass index were (-0.2, p<0.0001), (-0.2, p=0.001) and (-0.01, p=0.2) respectively. Younger patients (<20 years old) were significantly had higher mean HbA1c than older patients (≥ 20 years old), 9.9 ± 2.3 and 8.9 ± 2.2 respectively (1.0, 95% CI; 0.4, 1.6), p=0.001. Patients with diabetes duration more than 10 years were significantly had lower mean HbA1c than patients with diabetes duration between 5 and 10 years and less than 5 years; 10.1 ± 2.7 , 9.2 ± 2.0 and 8.9 ± 1.9 respectively, p=0.004.
Conclusion: Many patients with type 1 diabetes have poor glycemic control placing them at high risk of diabetic complications.