alexa Gross Embryonic Diffrentiation of the Stomach of the One Humped Camel (Camelus dromedarius) | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2161-0940

Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research
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Research Article

Gross Embryonic Diffrentiation of the Stomach of the One Humped Camel (Camelus dromedarius)

Bello A1*, Onyeanusi BI2, Sonfada ML1, Adeyanju JB3, Umaru MA4 and Onu JE1

1 Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria

2 Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

3 Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria

4 Department of Theriogenology and Animal production, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author:
Bello A
Department of Veterinary Anatomy
Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria
Tel: +234(0)8039687589
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: December 14 2013; Accepted Date: January 02 2014; Published Date: January 04 2014

Citation: Bello A, Onyeanusi BI, Sonfada ML, Adeyanju JB, Umaru MA, et al. (2014) Gross Embryonic Diffrentiation of the Stomach of the One Humped Camel (Camelus dromedarius). Anat Physiol 4:131. doi: 10.4172/2161-0940.1000131

Copyright: © 2014 Bello A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


An embryonic gross differentiation study was conducted on the stomach of 35 foetuses of the one-humped camel collected from the Sokoto metropolitan abattoir, over a period of five months at different gestational ages. The approximate age of the fetuses was estimated from the crown vertebral rump length (CVRL) and samples were categorised into first, second and third trimester. The mean body weight of the foetus at first, second third trimester ranged from 1.40 ± 0.06 kg, 6.10 ± 0.05 kg and 17.87 ± 0.6 kg, respectively. The mean weights of the entire digestive system at first, second and third trimester were 0.80 ± 0.07 kg, 2.13 ± 0.04 kg and 4.86 ± 0.08 kg respectively. The mean weights of the digestive tract at first, second and third trimester were 0.53 ± 0.07 kg, 1.03 ± 0.05 and 2.43 ± 0.07 kg, respectively. Camels’ stomach was observed to comprise of the voluminous smooth compartment rumen, a relatively small beans shape reticulum and a tubular abomasum at first trimester. At second and third trimester the stomach was found to comprise of a voluminous compartment I (rumen) which is subdivided by a strong muscular pillar into a dorsal smooth part and a ventral coarse part, a relatively small compartment II (reticulum) and a tubiform compartment III (Abomasum). Based on the findings in the study, camels’ stomach had little/few similarities with true ruminant in terms of development.


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